My great friendship with President Xi of China and our country' s relationship with China are both very important to me. Trade between our nations, however, has been very unfair, for a very long time. This situation is no longer sustainable. China has, for example, long been engaging in several unfair practices related to the acquisition of American intellectual property and technology. These practices, documented in an extensive report published by the United States Trade Representative(USTR) on March22,2018, harm our economic and national security and deepen our already massive trade imbalance with China.
In light of China' s theft of intellectual property and technology and its other unfair trade practices, the United States will implement a25 percent tariff on$50 billion of goods from China that contain industrially significant technologies. This includes goods related to China' s Made in China2025 strategic plan to dominate the emerging high-technology industries that will drive future economic growth for China, but hurt economic growth for the United States and many other countries. The United States can no longer tolerate losing our technology and intellectual property through unfair economic practices.
These tariffs are essential to preventing further unfair transfers of American technology and intellectual property to China, which will protect American jobs. In addition, they will serve as an initial step toward bringing balance to the trade relationship between the United States and China.
The United States will pursue additional tariffs if China engages in retaliatory measures, such as imposing new tariffs on United States goods, services, or agricultural products; raising non-tariff barriers; or taking punitive actions against American exporters or American companies operating in China.
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. Senate passed a $716 billion (￡540.4 billion) defence policy bill on Monday, backing President Donald Trump’s call for a bigger, stronger military but setting up a potential battle with the White House over Chinese telecommunications firm ZTE Corp (000063.SZ).
U.S. President Donald Trump addresses a meeting of the National Space Council in the East Room of the White House in Washington, U.S., June 18, 2018. REUTERS/Leah Millis
The Republican-controlled Senate voted 85-10 for the annual National Defense Authorization Act, or NDAA, which authorizes U.S. military spending but is generally used as a vehicle for a broad range of policy matters.
Before it can become law, the bill must be reconciled with one already passed by the House of Representatives. That compromise measure must then be passed by both chambers and signed into law by Trump.
Considered must-pass legislation, the fiscal 2019 Senate version of the NDAA authorizes $639 billion in base defence spending, for such things as buying weapons, ships and aircraft and paying the troops, with an additional $69 billion to fund ongoing conflicts.
This year, the Senate included an amendment that would kill the Trump administration’s agreement to allow ZTE to resume business with U.S. suppliers, one of the few times the Republican-led Senate has veered from White House policy. That ZTE provision is not included in the House version of the NDAA.
While strongly supported by some of Trump’s fellow Republicans as well as some Democrats, the measure is opposed by the White House and some of its close Republican allies, who control the House as well as the Senate.
It could face a difficult path to being included in the final NDAA, especially if Trump lobbies the Republican-led Congress against it, as he is expected to do.
Republicans and Democrats have expressed national security concerns about ZTE after it broke an agreement to discipline executives who had conspired to evade U.S. sanctions on Iran and North Korea.
The U.S. government placed a ban on ZTE earlier this year, but the Trump administration reached an agreement to lift the ban while it is negotiating broader trade agreements with China and looking to Beijing for support during negotiations to halt North Korea’s nuclear weapons programme.
Republicans Tom Cotton and Marco Rubio and Democrats Chuck Schumer and Chris Van Hollen, who led the Senate push for the ZTE provision, said in a joint statement after the vote that they were “heartened” by support, adding: “It is vital that our colleagues in the House keep this bipartisan provision in the bill as it heads towards a conference.”
华盛顿（路透社） - 美国参议院周一通过了716亿美元（5404亿英镑）
“ 我们绝不放弃！中兴通讯的旗帜，将 永 远 飘 扬 ！”
“ 我们绝不放弃！中兴通讯的旗帜，将 永 远 飘 扬 ！”
Michael Richard Pompeo Born on December 30, 1963
I was in the private sector, as Gerry mentioned, for most
of my life – most of my adult life. I ran two small businesses.
They were manufacturing companies. But before that
I was the employee of the month at Baskin-Robbins twice.
(Laughter.) My mother was really proud. No one else,
but my mom thought that was pretty nifty.
—— 美国第七十届国务卿 Mike Pompeo
adjective, nif·ti·er, nif·ti·est.
attractively stylish or smart:
a nifty new dress for Easter.
very good; fine; excellent:
a nifty idea.
We sold the car for a nifty profit.
Finally, we’re taking a really hard line on foreign
practices that harm America. Whether that’s
threatening our technology leadership through
intellectual property theft or forced technology
transfer, we are hard at ensuring that we protect
American property. Everyone knows today that
China is the main perpetrator. It’s at an unprecedented
level of larceny. I was with President Xi on Thursday
night. I reminded him that that’s not fair competition.
Chinese actors also continue to conduct cyber activity,
so they’re not just taking it by forced technology
transfer or stealing it by way of contract, but
committing outright theft. We have an enormous
responsibility, each of us, to work to stop it.
Chinese investment, too, around the world – it’s
welcome, but we need to make sure that it doesn’t
come with terms that advantage China in our market
or our commercial. To the extent they engage in
behavior that American businesses would never
engage in, that is using investment to exert political
influence and control over rival nations, American
diplomacy has an obligation to do our best to respond