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总是便秘,小心是菊花有问题 2018-01-18 22:46:23

总是便秘,小心是菊花有问题


有些顽固性便秘的患者,其根源可能与肛周疾患相关。


1肛门直肠狭窄因素


肛门直肠狭窄,无论哪种因素所致,均会引起肛门直肠的直径缩小,最后势必会引起排便的困难,而且狭窄越重,便秘越重,对于非肿瘤占位所致的肛门直肠狭窄,必须针对各种原因针对治疗,才能解除狭窄,只有狭窄解除了,大便才能有所改变。


临床经常有些混合痔脱出的病人,即使没有经过手术居然也出现了肛门轻度狭窄,并且造成大便困难,许多患者不得其解,实际上,这是因为痔疮的反复脱出造成了皮肤、黏膜下的纤维化增生所致,经年累月,再加反复炎症刺激,即会引起纤维化挛缩、粘连,从而导致肛门的狭窄,因而造成便秘,这种情况临床并不少见。


2慢性肛周炎性刺激因素


长期慢性肛裂刺激,除造成内括约肌痉挛外,肛管皮下由于纤维化增生,肛门也会紧缩、狭窄,导致便秘。


此外,长期的慢性肛瘘刺激,尤其是深部肌间瘘,也会在肛门周围形成较深的肌肉挛缩或瘢痕性狭窄,导致排便时直肠收缩,肛门内外括约肌不能反射性放松,因而排便困难。


3直肠黏膜松弛或内套叠


直肠黏膜本与直肠紧密结合,然而,由于长期久蹲或大便秘结等因素,常可导致直肠黏膜下的肌腱发生断裂,使黏膜与肌层发生脱节,这样,粪便进入直肠,即使直肠收缩正常,而黏膜由于脱节,所以黏膜不能与肌层同步,因而,粪便不能顺利前进,因此,也会发生便秘,这种患者最大的特点是,便后总有排不尽感,原因即是松弛的黏膜“堆”在肠腔,仍然刺激压力感受器所在,只有黏膜靠其本身的弹性回缩后,便意感才慢慢消失,下一次排便时仍重复发生上述症状。


4女性直肠前突因素


直肠前突是女性特有的疾病,而且常发生于中老年慢性便秘患者,由于女性阴道隔与直肠紧密相连,若直肠阴道隔松弛,则直肠前壁易向前膨出,类似疝突出,使直肠内大便下行时堆积于此,也容易产生便秘,此类患者往往需要用手指自阴道压迫直肠阴道隔方能排出大便,给患者带来了较大身心痛苦。


往往,许多患者解除了肛门周围疾病后,大便自然通畅了。















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《王者荣耀》的74个英雄演职场剧,会是什么样? 2018-01-18 22:44:15

《王者荣耀》的74个英雄演职场剧,会是什么样?


武则天

有的人才,不是你有钱就能请到的,除非你,有很多钱。

There are some talented people who won't follow you even if you have money. But things may be different if you really have a lot of money.


=战士篇=

warriors

作为一名称职的战士,能打也能扛,站撸不用慌,你在战场上多战一秒钟,就能为自己和团队多争取一点胜利的机会。


宫本武藏

有些人越优秀,就越是会招来一些庸人的挤兑和打击。

For some of us, the more competent you are, the more will the mediocre pick on you. 


哪吒

一旦锁定了目标,就要勇往直前,但学会审时度势,会帮你在遇到困境前全身而退。

Once you've identified you goal, just set out and reach it. But do remember to keep observing and evaluating the situation, or you won't be able to survive when problems come.


雅典娜

“在哪里跌倒就在哪里站起来”是勇气,“选择适当的时机重新登场”是智慧。

Get up where you fell down. That's bravery. Choose a wise time for your return. That's wisdom.


达摩

在职场中强化自己很重要,但把目标推到墙上才是你需要达成的目的。

It is import to get tougher as you fight in your job. But the ultimate goal you should focus on is to corner your targets.


老夫子

想要吊打对手,一定得自己先硬起来,不然你只能自取其辱。

If you want to win a landslide victory over your opponent, you have to get strong enough first. Otherwise you're just asking for humiliation.


杨戬

不要总是让自己的员工外出冒险,关键时刻必须亲自冲锋陷阵,挑起大梁。

Don't just let your employees take risk for you. There are times that you have to take the lead and parade on the frontline.


状态好以一敌十,状态差以一坑十,保持良好的状态是应对艰巨任务的关键因素之一。

When you're in good condition, you alone can deal with a team's job. When you're in poor condition, you are only gonna ruin a whole team's job. It's very critical to stay in the right condition if you're gonna face a serious task.


孙悟空

再强大也不要以为所有的对手都能一次带走,戒骄戒躁保持警惕,随时准备发起二次突击。

No matter how strong you're, never assume that you can finish all your rivals with one strike. Stay calm and vigilant. And prerpare yourself well for a second attack.


关羽

天下武功,无坚不破,唯快不破。

Nothing is unpenetrable, except for speed.


花木兰

有时你需要在复杂的职场中,频繁的切换自己的状态,小步快跑的同时记得抓准时机使出洪荒之力。

Career is complicated, you need to have the ability to frequently switch among different modes. Keep the packs light when you march, but don't forget to look for the opportunity to bring out a full strike.


典韦

要么毁灭它,要么毁灭自己。遇上棘手的项目,就是要有这种死磕的精神!

Destroy it or get destroyed by it. This is the attitude you should have when facing a really difficult project.


橘右京

靠谱的人从来都不需要华丽的修饰,他们不止在残酷的环境中进退自如,更在每次出击后深藏功与名。

People who are really reliable never decorate themselves with vanity. They proceed and retreat freely in adversity. And they never ask for fame after they accomplish things.


吕布

勇者登场,也需要选择合适的时机和场景,震慑对手还是被对手围剿,也许就是一念之差。

Even a brave warrior should choose carefully when and where to get on the stage. There's only a string of difference between crashing your enemy and being crashed by your enemy.


刘备

越战越强、越挫越勇的人,才能站到最后。

Only those who get stronger after every battle and get braver after every failure can stand to the end.


钟无艳

都说进攻是最好的防守,但很多时机只有攻守兼备的人才能抓住。

People keep saying the best defense is to attack. But there are a lot of opportunities which are only for those who can both attack and defend.


赵云

有一些猛将,真的得花钱才能请到。

If you want the real talent, you have to pay enough.


曹操

宁叫我负天下人?要小心职场里的这种小人!

Better I betray everyone else than get betrayed? Be careful in your career of those despicable ones who think this way! 


亚瑟

每个人都是从最基层做起的,不要低估自己的价值,团队比你想象的更需要你。

Everyone has to start from the grass-roots. Don't underestimate your own value. Your team need you more than you've realised.


=法师篇=

sages

作为一名称职的法师,带节奏,给压力,玩控制,拼输出,你们是团队前进的风向标,也是获取胜利的定心丸。


干将莫邪

一定要记住:有些情况下,老婆比你懂行。

Do remember: there are situations in which your wife knows better than you.


芈月

要学会多吸收他人的经验,这样才能不断强化自我,提升生存能力。

Learn from other's experience. By doing this you can keep improving yourself and get a better chance for survival.


墨子

如果你擅长的是幕后作战,就不要在没必要的时候冲到前面。

If what you are good at is fight in the backstage, then don't rush in the front when it's not necessary.


诸葛亮

如果你的节奏比团队里的其他人都快,那就更应该谨慎注意自己前进的方向。

If you're faster than any other in your team, then you should be more careful than the others about where you are heading.


周瑜

新官上任三把火,烧得好可以燎原,烧得不好可能会将自己的缺点彻底暴露。

Don't be so bossy everytime you get in charge of a new team. Though your orders can impress people if they are really wise orders, they can also be lame ones and show everybody your incompetence.


小乔

以小博大,必须在竞争中保持距离。

If you want to fight an enemy bigger than you, you must keep the safe distance when you're fighting.


王昭君

你得有足够强的预判能力,才能钳制你的对手。

If you want to keep your enemies at bay, you have to be good at predicting their moves.


钟馗

钩中目标当然可以靠运气,但钩中了之后只能靠实力来解决。

Of course you can rely on luck to catch your target. But once you catched it you can only rely on your abilities to deal with it.


张良

伤心不是哭的理由,傻才是,没错,多读书多学习才是硬道理!

Heart-break is not a reason for crying. Stupidity is. So yes, the only way out is to keep learning!


女娲

有时要学会给对手设障碍,这样可以给自己多争取一点时间。

Sometimes you need to learn to create obstacles for your rivals. This can buy you more time.


高渐离

爱唱歌是好事,唱得好能让身边同事心情愉悦,但五音不全乱走调还要天天哼,就是你的不对了。

Loving singing can be a good thing. Your coworkers can have a better mood if they have someone who can sing around them. But if you are tone-deaf and still insist singing, then you are a problem.


嬴政

如果方向判断错了,再强的火力也等于零。

If you're heading at the wrong direction, all your efforts are gonna be in vain no matter how fierce you are.


扁鹊

有些人是团队的毒药,他们起初表现的可能不明显,但积累深了,就会变成大麻烦。

Some people are poison to a team. They may not be that obvious at first. But they can become real troubles once they've stayed long enough.


貂蝉

你得认清自己的舒适区在哪,在区内和区外需要采取不同的策略。

You should know where your comfort zone is. The strategies you need to take in and outside the zone are different.


妲己

有的人就是适合抓准时机定点打击,所以确定目标才是第一要务。

Some people are good at focusing on one point and striking with full capacity. So the first priority for you should be to identify your target.


不知火舞

每一步动作都应该有充足的理由,随便乱动会死得很惨。

Every move you take should have reasons to back it. Unexamined moves can be very devastating.


安琪拉

不要因为一个人年轻就轻视她,她可能才是这个团队的核心。

Don't underestimate someone just because she is young. She may be the real core of this team.


露娜

不要每次都把力量一次用尽,意料之外的状况比你想象的多。

Don't use up all your energy everytime. There are always more unexpected things than you think.


甄姬

行动的时候不要只想着第一步,有时候真正的力量来自后面的连带效应。

Don't just think about the first strike when you make a move. Sometimes the real power lies in the consequences.


=射手篇=

archers

作为一名称职的射手,确保自己的成长,使输出能力比对手高出一截,这才不枉费队友的照顾,后期决胜就靠你们了!


虞姬

有些状况并不需要正面去应对,闪躲的性价比更高。

There are problems that you don't need to address directly. You can get a better cost performance by avoiding them.


孙尚香

在家里也许你是大小姐,但进了职场大家都一样。

Maybe you are a spoiled child back home. But once you come to work you are not different from any other here.


黄忠

不管你经验多么丰富,战斗力多么超群,都不要脱离团队。

No matter how experienced and capable you are, be a team player.


后羿

如果游戏规则变了,就不要还总是想着老方法。

If the rules have changed, then don't keep thinking about the old way.


狄仁杰

不要把脱身之技用于追击,否则你会输给自己的鲁莽。

Don't try to beat the rival with what you prepared for your own excape, or you're gonna be a victim of your own recklessness.


成吉思汗

要找到自己发挥的舞台,不要和别人拼短板。

Find out where you can show your true talent. Don't try to compete with others in what you're not good at.


马可波罗

要想打扫战场,先要确保自己的安全,不要忽视任何一丝可能存在的危机。

If you want to be the one who finish the battle, please make sure it's safe for yourself first. Don't ignore any trait of potential danger.


鲁班7

不要因为你有一技之长就胡乱使用,它很可能会暴露你的弱点。

Don't be too eager to use a skill just because you're good at it. It may expose your weakness.


李元芳

在没有一身硬功夫之前,不要轻易走出黑暗森林,一旦出来,必须让对手闻风丧胆。

Before you get strong enough, don't step out of the dark forest. But once you show yourself, do make sure that the enemy fears you.


百里守约

别人也许记住的是你每一次的出击,但你要知道自己的核心竞争力在于视野。

The others may remember you for the strikes you made. But you yourself should be clear that your core competitiveness is your vision.


=刺客篇=

assassins

作为一名称职的刺客,在合适时机给与敌手致命一击是基本功,在危急时刻明哲保身也是,所以保护自己,努力去拼!


娜可露露

被对手小看有时是件好事,因为他们会主动暴露弱点。

Sometimes it's good for you to be underestimated by the enemy, because they may expose their own weakness in front of you.


百里玄策

拥有换位思考的能力,常常能让你立于不败之地。

Knowing how to stand in others' shoes can give you a better chance of beating them.


阿轲

若不能一套拿下目标,不要恋战,果断退出战场恢复状态。

If you can't kill the target with one set of attacks, don't get obssessed with the fight. Retreat
























































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有感 2018-01-11 15:39:14

所谓的遗诏问题,都是活人借死人的口说话,体现的都是活人的利益。死人说得好,活人接着说;死人没有说,活人代他说;死人说得不好,活人修改重新说。



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