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论中共政权的合法性 2022-09-29 23:23:30

陈叔涵 2022年9月30日


中共国是世界上最奇葩的国家,没有之一。世上没有哪个国家像中共国那样,每年每月甚至每天都宣称自己的政权是合法的且是唯一代表中国的!只要是生活在中共国的人,无论是在哪个阶层,听这种话只怕是耳朵都起茧了吧。只不过,中共国的老百姓从来不去想一想,一个国家需要把其政权的合法性成天挂在嘴边吗?合法就是合法,非法就是非法,不是靠宣传,而是看事实。如果是非法的,经过不断的宣传难道就能变成合法的吗?如果是合法的,用得着长年累月地宣传吗?这世上哪有领了结婚证的一对男女整天对外人声称他们是合法夫妻的?如果一个政权连合法性都要靠长年累月的宣讲来向世人证明,那么,这个政权的合法性就一定有问题:要么是非法的,要么是担心世人怀疑其合法性,要么是在与别人争夺合法性!这就好比一个人,整天对别人说,他的别墅是买来的而不是抢来的、骗来的,他才是这栋别墅的唯一合法主人。他不这样说,外人倒也不会刻意去打听他的别墅是怎么得来的。他老是这样宣称,就难免让人怀疑:要么他的别墅来路不正,要么另有他人也声称是这栋别墅的合法主人!


中共政权的合法性问题,自中共建政的那天开始就一直在困扰中共,令其尴尬无比,直到今天,中共也不能正视自己手中的这个政权。其根本原因就是中共无法面对自己夺取政权的方式:极端血腥暴力!正因如此,中共才会将自己陷入两难的窘迫境地:若中共认定暴力夺取政权是合法的,那么,后来者就可同样以暴力推翻中共政权而取而代之;若中共认定暴力夺取政权是非法的,就等于承认自己的政权非法,则统治基础有崩塌的危险,中国人民会随时解体中共。明白了中共内心的痛楚,就可顺理成章地理解七十多年来为何中共要处心积虑地从事奴化的愚民教育,厚颜无耻地篡改历史,肆无忌惮地镇压持不同政见者以及不惜代价地维稳,目的无它:手中的政权取之无道,得想千方设百计保住它!


事物的合法性是指事物的法律属性,就是在取得某种实物、权利、名分时所采取之手段、方式的正当性。该手段、方式的正当性要么基于天理或公理,要么就基于法律。从逻辑意义上而言,事物的合法性是针对获取事物的手段或方式而言的,离开了这二者,事物的合法性就从根本上不能成立。比如,我们不能说钱合法或非法,因为钱本身无所谓合法与非法,它是中性的,只能说取得钱的手段或方式、途径合法与否。某人说他的财产是合法的,其逻辑含义就是指他获取财产的手段或方式、途径是合法的。依此类推,房子、权利、名分都是中性的,谈其法律属性的时候,只能看获得房子、权利、名分的手段、方式是否合法。考察任何事物的合法性,都必须先审因,再查果,绝对不可导果为因。只有在因合法的前提下,果才可能具有合法性 。也就是说,只有在前提正确的情况下,结论才可能正确。什么是合法性的因呢,就是上述的二个因素:方式、手段,即,前提;什么是合法性的果呢,就是由因导致的结局,即,结论。这就是本文判定合法性的逻辑依据。


当我们说某个政权是合法的或非法的,其逻辑含义是指取得这个政权的手段或方式合法与否。如何判定一个政权的合法性呢,还是依照上面的逻辑,先审查获取政权的因〔手段、方式〕是否合法,后断定这个政权是否合法。那么,决定一个政权合法性的因,具体是什么呢,也很简单,第一,继承,也就是依天理或自然法。如中华民国,它就是继承大清帝国的领土和主权,有清帝逊位诏书为证;第二,选举,或人民的授权,欧美等发达国家的政权大都采取这种方式建立;第三,服务,也就是政府使人民高兴、满意,如新加坡,政府把老百姓服侍得很爽,老百姓只认这个政府。由此可见,一个政权的合法性,要么是来自继承,要么是来自选举,要么是把人民服务得高兴、满意。任何政权,只要符合上述三个条件中的一个,就是合法的,否则,就是非法的,这才是衡量一个政权合法性的客观标准。下面我就以这个标准来评判中共政权到底合法与否。


中共政权是继承的吗?不是,因为没有相关的继承文献支持;中共政权是由选举产生吗?也不是,因为中共发动内战前没有征求人民的同意,经过惨烈的战争推翻合法的民国政府之后,也没把选票给人民,中共国从来不存在普选。直到今天,绝大多数中国人到死也没见过选票长啥样,极少数见过选票样子的人都是由中共指定的;中共政权把中国老百姓服务得很爽、很舒服以致于老百姓只认中共吗?就更不是了。因为现实生活中老百姓畏官如虎,百姓为官服务、受官驱使是生活的常态,没有哪个百姓敢叫当官的来做服务的,官员为老百姓服务的场景只在央视新闻里才能见到,那完全是做秀,你懂的!


因服务到位而获得政权的合法性,实质上就是执政的合法性。中共靠暴力推翻合法政府而取得国家政权,这样的政权肯定是非法的。但是,若中共取得政权之后善待中国人民,也是可以逐步将抢来的政权洗白的。比方说,各级官员由老百姓选举产生而非由组织部任命;让农民得到一份永久属于自己的土地,让工人稳定就业并给予失业保险;让知识分子专心学术,让艺术家自由创作;让人民享受免费医疗且有养老保障;让人民自由地批评政府而不用担心因言获罪;共产党不要当佛祖、基督、安拉的领导……总之,先前国民党给过老百姓的,共产党都给了且给的更多;国民党没给过的,共产党也给了并且给的很好。让大陆人民的生活水平比台湾人高出两三个档次,且比台湾人享有更多的人权、自由与民主,一句话,把人民服侍得很舒坦。那么,人民很高兴、很满意,就答应中共统治他们。这就是通常所说的因服务很到位、得体而获得了执政的合法性。打个不太恰当的比方,某个男人用暴力把别人合法的妻子强占,这种行为肯定是非法的。但是,这个男人把别人的妻子抢过来之后,对她比先前的丈夫好几倍,不光是在物质上女人很满足,而且在精神上也相当满足。女人再也不愿回到前夫那里去,因为她现在的生活品质跟先前相比,高出几个档次。这样,女人就完全认可了这个男人对她的占有,使用暴力强占别人老婆的非法行径就被这个男人后来的友善行为给洗白了。若中共的行为与这个强占人妻的男人一样,那中共就歪打正着了,而事实刚好相反!


中共靠暴力取得大陆政权后是如何对待中国人民的呢?中共建政七十多年来从没把中国人民当作服务的对象,在中共眼里,中国人民只不过就是待宰的羔羊。中共没有一天停止过对中国人民进行残酷压榨和疯狂奴役,中共对中国人民的杀戮比任何外国侵略者都要残忍。据保守估计,在七十多年的和平岁月里,中共残害的生命多达八千万条,这还不包含在大饥荒年代活活被饿死的四千多万人。中国人民在上世纪的十四年抗日战争中总共失去大约二千万条生命,而在中共统治的和平年月里,中共残杀中国人的数量竟然是日本侵略军的六倍多,试问,人类历史上有像这样对待自己人民的政权吗,前所未有!就连前两个世纪在西方列强与中国发生战争的状态下,如英法鸦片战争、中法战争以及八国联军入侵中国,中国死于这些战争的人数总和与中共杀害中国人的总数相比较,基本就是微乎其微。


历史事实表明:自1949年中共建立政权后,中国再也没有遭受外国列强的侵略,中国人再也没有被外国侵略者残杀和奴役。然而,中共对中国人民的杀戮和蹂躏超过外国侵略者千百倍,在中共统治之下的中国人民比在西方列强殖民中国时悲惨千百倍。总之,中共杀戮、蹂躏、摧残中国人民,下手之狠、手段之残忍、规模之大、危害之深,任何西方列强或外国侵略者都望尘莫及。若把外国侵略者比做豺狼,中共则是比豺狼更凶残千百倍的恶魔。若恶魔执政合法,那中国人民宁愿让豺狼当政也好过中共统治,两害相权取其轻!


一个从不把人民当人看的政权凭什么谈执政的合法性?!事实是:在中共治下,中国老百姓连最基本的人权都没有,即,没有思想自由,没有言论自由,没有信仰自由,试问,没有这些最基本的人权,那人跟牲口有什么两样?中共统治下,老百姓实际上只是会说话的牲口,换句话说,在中共国,只有生物学意义上的人而没有政治学意义上的人。中共政权如此邪恶,中共的执政合法性在哪里?!


一个政权的合法性主要涉及两个方面,即,取得政权手段的合法性以及执政的合法性。经由两种方式取得政权是合法的,第一是继承,第二是选举,或人民的授权。执政的合法性,只能通过服务获得,即,把老百姓服务得满意、高兴。上述事实足以证明:中共既不具备取得政权方式的合法性,更不具备执政的合法性。若认定中共政权合法,那天理也就荡然无存:既然连暴力抢夺都合法,大规模屠杀人民也合法,依此类推,抢银行合法,杀人合法,强奸合法,纵火合法……世间的一切暴力犯罪都合法,这不就是地地道道的强盗逻辑吗?!


现在,就不难理解为何中共每天都要对世界宣讲其政权的合法性,因为中共政权缺乏的正是合法性!最荒唐的是,在铁的事实面前,有一些大陆御用文人以及一帮愚民仍然要坚持替中共诡辩。以下我就列出两种最典型的为中共政权站台的观点,指出其荒谬,从而进一步证明中共政权是完全非法的!


第一种观点。他们说中共政权被国际社会一百多个主权国家所承认,这就充分说明了中共政权是合法的。否则,国际社会怎么会承认一个非法的政权呢?!这是典型的中共御用文人的说辞,听起来理直气壮,只可惜,他们缺乏逻辑常识,闹出大笑话!合法性和承认是完全不同的两回事:承认针对的是一种存在的事实,如果只要是存在的事实就是合法的,那就太荒唐了。这不,黑社会是存在的事实,那黑社会是合法的吗?恐怖组织是存在的事实,那恐怖组织是合法的吗?还有,社会上存在抢劫、杀人、贩毒、强奸等等犯罪活动,难道这些也都是合法的?简直荒谬绝伦!


国际社会对中共政权的外交承认只是一种主观态度,改变不了中共用血腥暴力取得政权以及取得政权后残酷杀戮、蹂躏中国人民的客观事实。换言之,主观态度与非法政权的客观现实并不存在因果关系,即,主观承认针对的是一种存在的事实,而该事实的法律性质不是由主观态度来决定的。也就是说,对于任何一件文物,我们都必须承认它是一件文物,不管这件文物是通过正当的拍卖得到的还是从盗墓贼手里取得的。虽然我们承认文物是一种客观的存在,但是,文物的来源与我们对它的承认没有因果关系,即,我们不能说,盗墓贼手里的文物不是文物,只有从拍卖行获得的文物才是文物。同样的道理,我们看见一栋别墅,我们得承认它是别墅,至于住在别墅的人是怎么取得这栋别墅的,则与我们的承认不存在因果关系,我们不能说,只有合法购买的别墅才是别墅,通过抢劫和欺骗手段得来的别墅不是别墅。国际社会对中共政权的承认也是这个道理,即,国际社会承认中共手中的政权是一个政权,因为它是一个存在的事实。但是,中共获取政权的手段,即,血腥暴力,与国际社会对中共政权的承认没有因果关系。七十多年前满洲国也得到过不少国家的外交承认,斯大林就承认过满洲国,后来斯大林又不承认满洲国了。如今,普京承认乌克兰东部的两个地区为❝独立的国家❞,这是不就说明乌克兰东部这两个地区的政权就是合法的政权呢?由此可知,以外交承认来决定某个政权的合法性,本身就不靠谱。因为外交承认本身就是一种主观态度,而主观态度决定不了客观事实。一九七一年之前,以美国为首的西方国家均不承认所谓的中华人民共和国,后来,美国又改变了态度,承认了中共政权。这就又一次说明,外交承认与政权的合法性不存在因果关系。


通俗地说,一栋大别墅的主人被土匪用暴力赶走了,现在土匪强占大别墅而成为新主人。别墅的左邻右舍都知道土匪的这一非法行径,但是,也不得不承认土匪是别墅的新主人,即,承认土匪对别墅物理上的占有。但是,这不表示,左邻右舍们承认土匪取得别墅的手段是合法的。然而,判断一个政权合法与否,首先就是要看取得政权的手段是否合法!因为土匪采用暴力强占别墅,因此,土匪对别墅的占有是一种非法的行为。就好比一个男人持枪闯入一对合法夫妻的家,用枪指着合法的丈夫,令其离开家而实施对女人的占有,即便这个暴徒成了女人的“新丈夫”,这种婚姻绝对是非法的,不管这个暴徒对外声称多少遍那个女人是他的合法妻子,也不能改变这个暴徒强占人妻的非法事实!中共夺取政权的手段与这个持枪的男人暴力占有他人合法的妻子是一模一样的性质,不管中共对外宣称多少遍它是唯一代表中国的合法政权,也不能改变中共采用血腥手段强夺合法政权的客观事实。因此,无论有多少个国家承认这样的政权,都不能改变这个政权的非法性,因为中共暴力夺权的客观事实,不是外交承认这种主观态度改变得了的!


说到外交承认,我们也很容易想到,在某些社交场合,遵纪守法的人也可以和黑社会人物握手、交谈。那只是出于社交礼貌,承认黑社会人物是一种存在的事实,但并不代表他们认可黑社会人物的非法行为。同样的,美欧等西方国家对中共政权的承认针对的也是一个存在的事实,即,承认中共政权是一个世界上最大的黑社会组织和一个最丧心病狂的恐怖组织,理由是:毛泽东本来就是占山为王的土匪头子,毛泽东的军队也主要由流氓、无赖、懒汉以及社会上的黑恶分子组成。当今时代,中共更是以黑社会的理念治国,各级官员为谋私利拉帮结派,形成各种各样的利益集团,而普通百姓则饱受这些利益集团的欺凌,比生活在黑社会更惨。黑社会分子作恶毕竟还担心警察抓捕,中共为恶则毫无顾忌;中共动用庞大的国家暴力机器制造了一系列惨绝人寰的恐怖事件,如文化大革命、六四大屠杀、活摘法轮功学员器官……这些全都是客观存在的事实,即便国际社会不承认中共政权,它也依然存在,但这并不表示欧美等西方国家承认中共夺取政权时所采用的血腥暴力手段合法,更不会承认中共夺取政权后对中国人民的残忍杀戮合法。


有鉴于此,对一个政权的外交承认与该政权的合法性绝对是两回事,对政权的承认只涉及到一个存在的事实,而一个政权合法与否的决定性因素有二,第一,是取得政权时所采用的方式或手段合法与否;第二,取得政权后把人民服务得满意与否。即便与中共建立外交关系的国家在外交文书上白纸黑字地写着:中华人民共和国是代表中国的唯一合法政府……这也只是一种主观态度,主观态度是可以改变的,而中共暴力取得政权以及取得政权后残害中国人民的事实,这种滔天大罪,是客观存在的,谁也无法改变!


西方国家对中共政权的外交承认,说的好听一点,是出于经济和商贸等实际利益的考量,绝对不是对中共犯罪事实和强盗逻辑的认同。这就好比黑社会人物到合法的餐厅去吃饭,餐厅老板绝对不会因为这个客人是黑社会人物就拒绝提供服务,只要客人用完餐照单付钱就够了。中共跟黑社会没有两样,黑社会人物与文明社会的人打交道只需遵守文明社会的规则即可,诸如,坐车买票、吃饭付钱等等,纯粹是一种互利的交易行为,但这并不表示文明社会的人认同黑社会人物的不法行为;对中共政权的外交承认,说的不好听,就是出于无奈,因为不管西方国家承认与否,中共政权都是一个客观的、邪恶的存在!


至于亚非拉等国家对中共政权的外交承认,那就是中共大撒币的结果,跟政权合法性不沾边。换言之,这种承认完全是中共花钱买来的。从毛泽东时代一直到习近平时代,都是如此,习撒币的疯狂程度甚至超过毛。亚非拉国家领导人来中国的目的就一个:要钱;中国领导人去亚非拉国家的目的也就一个:送钱。这就好比嫖客和妓女一样,妓女从来不管嫖客是什么人,给钱就行。嫖客花钱泄欲,中共花钱买外交承认,花钱在联合国拉选票。因此,亚非拉国家对中共政权的外交承认在本质上与妓女和嫖客的关系无异。


总之,以美国为首的西方民主国家承认中共政权实质上是一种与狼共舞的行为。狼不能因此说,它与人在跳舞它就是人了。狼与人共舞,狼要走跟人一样的舞步,而不是人走狼一样的步伐。美国承认中共政权并把中共带到国际舞台,是要中共遵守国际准则,而不是要国际社会遵守中共的规则。事实证明,中共从来不守规则。中共本是土匪出身,只信奉强盗逻辑。中共认为,不管是什么东西,只要抢到手就可以占有,完全不管强抢本身就是犯罪行径。中共政权与美国为首的西方国家交往的历史就生动地体现了西方社会与狼共舞的实质,也充分地展现了中共的土匪理念和强盗逻辑。中共国加入世贸组织后,其无赖土匪本性暴露无遗:十几年来拒不兑现其承诺,肆意破坏世贸组织规则,无所不用其极地窃取知识产权,以及咄咄咄逼人的战狼外交……


第二种为中共政权合法性辩护的观点是,中共的统治得到了广大人民的接受和认同,民心和民意就是政权合法性的最主要来源。这其实就是在为中共的执政合法性诡辩,就更站不住脚了。若说中国人民接受和认同中共的统治,就等于说,中国人民甘愿被中共杀戮、蹂躏、奴役、欺压、愚弄,中国人都是受虐狂。试问,中国人民的骨头就如此贱吗?!二千二百多年来的历代统治者固然没有善待中国百姓,但是,还没有一个王朝像中共政权这样丧心病狂地虐杀中国百姓!关于中共执政的合法性,前面已有详细的论证,在此就不再赘述。我只强调一个客观的事实:中共自建政之日起,中国就只有领袖的意志,官员的意志,从来不存在人民的意志。试问,一个连言论自由都不存在的国家,怎么会有真实的民意?中共一手握着枪,一手举着大喇叭,百姓头上还有几亿个摄像头。在这种情形之下,老百姓能表达内心的真实意愿吗,能说半个不字吗。除了言不由衷地表示接受和认同,还要违心地抬高嗓门高唱:没有共产党就没有新中国。试问,这哪里是什么民意啊,这是赤裸裸的强奸民意!这便是中共文人所说的民心和民意的真实来源,由此可见,说中国人民接受和认同中共统治就纯属无稽之谈!


另外,需要特别指出的是:中共自成立之日起就是一个没有经过任何合法登记的黑社会地下组织,本身就是非法的。并且这个非法组织根本不是由中国人自己独立创建,而是在苏俄的主导下组织起来的,苏俄不光为中共提供大量活动经费而且还帮中共大力培训党员。1931年中共在中华民国境内建立的第一个土匪政权就叫“中华苏维埃共和国”,中共从那时就已经开始公然分裂祖国!即便后来中共用暴力颠覆合法的中华民国政府,也完全仰仗苏俄鼎力相助。否则,中共绝对不能走到今天。历史已经清楚地见证了中共政权是在外来势力的大力扶持下建立起来的,也正是因为中共靠外来势力发迹,中共抢得政权后一直到今天,对外来势力都特别敏感,动不动就提外来势力要如何如何。可是,它就是闭口不提自己本身就是靠外来势力起家的,原因正是担心国内反对力量在外来势力的推动下,像当年自己推翻国民政府一样推翻中共政权。现在,我们就应该明白中共为何如此紧张外来势力!


综上所述,无论从哪方面来衡量中共政权,都找不出一丝一毫的合法性:中共是一个非法的黑社会组织,也是迄今为止世界上最大且最残忍的恐怖组织。借外来势力靠暴力推翻合法的中华民国政府,取得政权后又大量残杀中国人民、压榨中国人民、愚弄中国人民。犯下了一系列令人发指的反人类罪行,是一个彻头彻尾的邪恶政权。哪里有了共产党,哪里的人民就遭殃!有鉴于此,中国人民群起而攻之,不仅是正义的、合法的、光荣的,而且是真正的替天行道。只有推翻中共这个人类历史上最邪恶、最恐怖的政权,中国人民才能找回做人的起码尊严,世界也消除了一个自人类文明诞生以来最大的祸害!


On the Legitimacy of the Chinese Communist Regime

By Chen Shuhan September 30,2022

Communist China is the most bizarre country in the world, second to none. There is no other country in the world like Communist China declaring every year, every month, even every day that its regime is legitimate and the only one representing China! Anyone who lives in Communist China, no matter in which level of social stratum, I am afraid, such words had long made his ear callous. However, the people of the Communist country never think about it: does a country need to talk about the legitimacy of its regime all the time? Legal is legal and illegal is illegal, and the legitimacy is determined not by propaganda but by facts. If it is illegal, can it be made legal by constant propaganda? If it's legal, why advertise it for years? Where on earth do a man and woman with a marriage certificate claim to be a legal couple all day long? If a regime has to rely on years and years of propaganda to prove its legitimacy to the world, then there must be something wrong with the legitimacy of this regime: either it is illegal, or it is worried that the world will doubt its legitimacy, or it is competing with others for legitimacy! It is like a man who spends all his time telling others that his villa was bought rather than robbed or cheated and that he is the only legitimate owner of the villa. If he does not say so, outsiders will not deliberately inquire how he got his villa. If he keeps making such claims, people will inevitably suspect that either his villa comes from a wrong source, or someone else also claims to be the rightful owner of the villa!

The legitimacy issue of the Chinese Communist regime has been plaguing the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) since the day it was established, embarrassing it endlessly, and even to this day, the CCP cannot face up to the regime it holds. The fundamental reason is that the CCP cannot face the way it seized power: extremely bloody violence! This is why the CCP has put itself in a dilemma: If the CCP insists that it is legal to seize power by violence, then the people of following generations can take over the CCP's power by violence too; if the CCP believes that it is illegal to seize power by violence, it is tantamount to admitting that its regime is illegal, then the foundation of its rule is in danger of collapsing and the Chinese people will dismantle the CCP’s regime at any time. Knowing the pain in the heart of the CCP, it is logical to understand why the CCP has been so deliberately engaged in slavishly educating the people, shamelessly falsifying history, unscrupulously suppressing political dissidents, and maintaining stability at all costs for more than 70 years, no other purpose: the regime in its hands is illegal, and it must be preserved by all means!

Legitimacy refers to the legal properties of things, that is, the rightfulness of way or means taken in acquiring a certain thing, right, or title. The legitimacy of such a way or means is either based on natural or public justice, or law. In a logical sense, the legitimacy of a thing is tied to the way or the means, and without these two factors, legitimacy cannot be fundamentally established. For example, we can't say money is legal or illegal because money itself is indifferent to legality or illegality, it is neutral, and we can only say that the means or manner or way to obtain money is legal or not. When someone says his property is legal, the logical implication is that the means manner, or way of acquiring his property is legal. By analogy, house, rights, and title are neutral too, and when talking about their legal properties, we can only look at whether the means or way to obtain them is legal or not.  To examine the legitimacy of anything, we must first examine the cause and then check the effect, and we must never lead the effect to be the cause. Only under the premise that the cause is legitimate can the effect have legitimacy. In other words, the conclusion can only be correct if the premise is correct. What is the cause of legitimacy then? It is the two factors mentioned above: way or means, i.e., the premise; what is the effect of legitimacy? It is the result or end produced by the cause, i.e., the conclusion. This is the logical basis for determining legitimacy in this essay.

When we say that a regime is legitimate or illegitimate, the logical implication is that the means or methods of acquiring that regime are legitimate or not. How do we determine the legitimacy of a regime? Again, following the above logic, we first examine whether the cause [act, manner, means] of acquiring a regime is legitimate, and then conclude whether the regime is legitimate. Then, what is the specific cause for determining the legitimacy of a regime? It is very simple too, first, by inheritance. For example, the Republic of China inherits the territory and sovereignty left by the Qing Empire (1644-1911), as evidenced by the imperial edict of the Qing Emperor; second, by the election, or the mandate of the people, the regimes in Europe, the United States, and other developed countries have generally established this way; third, through service, that is, the government makes the people happy and satisfied, such as Singapore, the government has served the people very well, the people only accept this government. It can be seen that the legitimacy of a regime comes either from an inheritance, from an election or by serving the people to their pleasure and satisfaction. Any regime that meets one of these three conditions is legitimate; otherwise, it is illegitimate, and this is the objective criterion for measuring the legitimacy of a regime. Here I will use this criterion to judge whether the Chinese Communist regime is legitimate or not.

Is the Chinese Communist regime inherited? No, because there is no relevant succession literature to support it; was the CCP regime elected? No, because the Chinese Communist Party neither got the consent of the people before launching the civil war nor gave the people the ballot after overthrowing the legitimate Republican government through tragic war, not to mention that a general election has never existed in Communist China so far. To this day, the vast majority of Chinese people have never seen what a ballot looks like, and the very few who have seen what a ballot looks like were appointed by the CCP; has the CCP regime served the Chinese people so well and so comfortably that the people only accept the CCP? Not at all! In real life, ordinary people fear the officials like a tiger, that the people serve the officials and people are driven by the officials is the norm of life, and no people dare to ask the officials to provide service, the scene of the officials serving the people can only be seen on CCTV news, which is completely a show, you know!

Legitimacy obtained by a regime through excellent services to its people is essentially the legitimacy of governing. The Chinese Communist Party gained power by violently overthrowing the legitimate government, and such a regime is certainly illegal. However, if the CCP treated the Chinese people well after seizing power, it would have been possible to gradually cleanse the black regime. For example, officials at all levels are elected by the people rather than appointed by the Ministry of Organization; farmers are given a permanent share of land; workers can get stable employment and have unemployment insurance; intellectuals are allowed to concentrate on academics and artists can create freely; people can enjoy free medical care and pensions; people can freely criticize the government without fear of being convicted for their words; the Communist Party does not act as leader of Buddha, Christ, or Allah. ...... In short, the Communist Party has given the people what the Kuomintang had given them and offered more; what the Kuomintang had not granted them, the Communist Party has not only granted but granted them well. The standard of living of the mainland people is two or three notches higher than that of the Taiwanese, and they enjoy more human rights, freedom, and democracy than the Taiwanese, in a word, the people are served very comfortably. Then the people are so happy and satisfied that they oblige the CCP to rule them. This is what is often called the legitimacy through service, that is, the legitimacy of ruling is acquired because the service is very good and decent. To use a less appropriate analogy, some man violently takes someone else's legal wife by force, an act that is certainly illegal. However, after this man snatches someone else's wife, he treats her several times better than her previous husband, and not only is the woman satisfied materially, but she is also quite satisfied spiritually. The woman never wants to go back to her ex-husband, because her quality of life is now several notches higher compared to the previous time. In this way, the woman fully approved of the man's possession of her, and the illegal act of using violence to forcibly take another man's wife was whitewashed by the man's subsequent friendly behavior. If the Chinese Communist Party had acted in the same way as this man who forcibly took another man’s wife, then the Chinese Communist Party would have achieved the right goal out of the wrong reason, but the fact proves the opposite is true!

How did the Chinese Communist Party treat the Chinese people after taking power in the mainland by violence? For more than 70 years, the Chinese people have never been served by the CCP. In the eyes of the CCP, the Chinese people are nothing but lambs to be slaughtered. The Chinese Communist Party has never stopped oppressing and enslaving the Chinese people cruelly, and it has killed them more brutally than any foreign invaders. According to a conservative estimate, during the 70-odd years of peacetime, the Chinese Communist Party has killed as many as 80 million people, not including the 40 million people who starved to death during the Great Famine!  The last century saw the Chinese people lose a total of about 20 million lives in the 14-year War of Resistance against Japanese aggression, and during the peaceful years under the rule of the CCP, the number of people killed by the CCP was more than six times that of Japan invading army. I wonder, is there any regime in human history that treats its own people like this? Never before! Even in the previous two centuries, the Western powers were at war with China, such as the Opium Wars against Britain and France, the Sino-French War, and the invasion of China by the Eight-Power Allied Forces, the total number of Chinese dead in these wars is almost negligible compared to the total number of Chinese people killed by the CCP.

Historical facts show that since the CCP established its regime in 1949, China has never again been invaded by foreign powers, and Chinese people have never again been brutalized and enslaved by foreign invaders. However, the CCP has killed and ravaged the Chinese people a thousand times more than the foreign invaders had ever done, and the Chinese people under the rule of the CCP are a thousand times more miserable than when the Western powers colonized China. In short, the CCP has killed, ravaged, and destroyed the Chinese people with such ruthlessness, cruelty, magnitude, and depth of harm that no Western power or foreign invader could ever imagine. If foreign invaders are described as wolves, the CCP is a devil that is a thousand times more vicious than wolves. If the devil in power is legal, the Chinese people would rather have the wolves in power than the CCP, in front of two evils, choose the lesser!

How can a regime that never treats its people as human beings talk about the legitimacy of its rule? The truth is: that under the rule of the Chinese Communist Party, the Chinese people do not even have the most basic human rights, i.e., no freedom of thought, no freedom of speech, and no freedom of belief. In other words, in Communist China, there are only human beings in the biological sense, but not in the political sense. The CCP regime is so evil that no room is left for the legitimacy of its governance!

The legitimacy of a regime involves two main aspects, namely, the legitimacy of the means to obtain a regime and the legitimacy of governing. It is legitimate to get a regime by two means: first, by inheritance, and second, by election, or the mandate of the people. The legitimacy of governing can only be achieved through service, i.e., serving the people to their satisfaction and delight. The above facts are enough to prove that the CCP has neither the legitimacy of the way to get a regime nor the legitimacy of governing. If the Chinese Communist regime is considered legitimate, then there is no justice under the sky: since even violent robbery is legal, and mass murder of people is also legal, and so on, bank robbery is legal, murder is legal, rape is legal, arson is legal ...... all violent crimes in the world are legal, isn't this just plain bandit logic?

Now, it is easy to understand why the CCP has to preach the legitimacy of its regime to the world every day because the very thing the CCP regime lacks is legitimacy! The most absurd thing is that in the face of hard facts, some mainland imperial writers and a bunch of fools still insist on arguing for the CCP. Below I will list two of the most typical arguments for the CCP regime, pointing out their absurdity and thus further proving that the CCP regime is totally illegitimate!

Here comes the first view. They say that the Chinese Communist regime is recognized by more than a hundred sovereign countries in the international community, which is a good indication that the Chinese Communist regime is legitimate. Otherwise, how could the international community recognize an illegitimate regime?! This is typical rhetoric of the CCP's imperial literati, which sounds justified; only, unfortunately, they lack common sense in logic and made a big joke indeed! Legitimacy and recognition are two completely different things: recognition targets a fact of existence, and it would be absurd to judge whatever is legitimate as long as it is a fact of existence. You see, the triad is a fact of existence, so is the triad legitimate? It is a fact that terrorist organizations exist, and is that terrorist organization legitimate? Also, there exist robberies, murder, drug trafficking, rape, and other criminal activities in society, are they all legal? This is too ridiculous! 

The international community's diplomatic recognition of the Chinese Communist regime is only a subjective attitude, which does not change the objective fact that the Chinese Communist Party obtained the regime with bloody violence and that it brutally killed and ravaged the Chinese people after gaining power. In other words, there is no causal relationship between the subjective attitude and the objective reality of the illegal regime, i.e., the subjective recognition is directed at an existing fact, and the legal nature of that fact is not determined by the subjective attitude. That is to say, for any cultural relic, we must recognize it as a cultural relic, regardless of whether the relic was obtained through a legitimate auction or from a tomb raider. Although we recognize a cultural relic as an objective existence, there is no causal relationship between the origin of a cultural relic and our recognition of it, i.e., we cannot say that a cultural relic in the hands of a tomb raider is not a cultural relic and that only a cultural relic obtained from an auction house is a cultural relic. By the same token, when we see a villa, we have to recognize it as a villa, and there is no causal relationship between our recognition and the way the person living in the villa acquired it; we cannot say that only a villa legally purchased is a villa and a villa obtained through robbery and deception is not a villa. The international community recognizes the CCP regime for the same reason, i.e., the international community recognizes the regime in the hands of the CCP as a regime because it is a fact of existence. However, how the CCP acquired power, i.e., bloody violence, has no causal relationship to the international community's recognition of the CCP regime. More than seventy years ago, Manchukuo, established in northeastern China by the Japanese invaders, had also been recognized diplomatically by several countries, the former Soviet Union recognized it, and later Stalin terminated recognizing it. This February Russia invaded Ukraine and occupied two regions of eastern Ukraine, still Putin declared these two regions as "independent states", does this mean that the regimes in these two regions of eastern Ukraine are legitimate? Now it is well known that the legitimacy of a regime determined by diplomatic recognition is not reliable. Diplomatic recognition is in itself a subjective attitude, and a subjective attitude cannot determine an objective fact, furthermore, a subjective attitude can be changed at any time. Before 1971, the Western countries, led by the United States, did not recognize the Chinese Communist regime, i.e., the so-called People's Republic of China, but later, the United States changed its attitude and recognized the Chinese Communist regime, and the recognition of the CCP regime by the United Nation comes the same way as the international community does. This once again shows that there is no causal relationship between diplomatic recognition and the legitimacy of a regime.

In layman’s terms, the legal owner of a large villa has been violently evicted by bandits and his villa has been occupied by the bandits, who now become the new owner. The neighbors of the villa are aware of this illegal act of the bandits, but they have to admit that the bandits are the new owners of the villa, i.e., they acknowledge the bandits' physical possession of the villa. But this does not mean that the neighbors acknowledge the bandits' means of acquiring the villa is legal. However, to judge the legitimacy of a regime, first of all, is to see if the means of acquiring the regime are legitimate or not! Because the bandits used violence to forcibly occupy the villa, the possession of the villa by the bandits was, therefore, an illegal act. It is just like a guy breaking into the home of a legal couple, forcing the husband to leave the home by gun, and then taking over the wife. Even if the thug becomes the woman's "new husband," the marriage is illegal; No matter how many times this thug claims that the woman is his legal wife, it does not change the fact that this thug has taken over the wife of another man by force! No matter how many times the Chinese Communist Party claims that it is the only legitimate regime representing China, it does not change the objective fact that the Chinese Communist Party has used bloody methods to seize the legitimate regime Republic of China. Therefore, no matter how many countries recognize such a regime, it cannot change the illegality of this regime, because the objective fact of the CCP's violent seizure of power cannot be changed by such a subjective attitude as diplomatic recognition!

Speaking of diplomatic recognition, it is also easy to think of certain social situations where law-abiding people can also shake hands and talk with triad figures. That's just out of social courtesy, acknowledging the fact that triad figures are a presence, but it doesn't mean they approve of their illegal behavior. Similarly, the recognition of the Chinese Communist regime by the United States, Europe, and other Western countries is directed at an existential fact, i.e., the recognition that the Chinese Communist regime is one of the largest triad organizations and one of the most heartless terrorist organizations in the world, because Mao Zedong was originally a bandit leader who took over the mountains and that Mao's army was also composed mainly of hooligans, scoundrels, lazybones, and the bad and evil guys in society. In the present era, the Chinese Communist Party (the CCP) is ruling the country with the concept of a triad society, and officials at all levels are ganging up to form various interest groups for personal gain, while ordinary people are suffering from bullying of these interest groups, which is worse than living in a triad society. After all, triad members are still worried about arrests by police, while the CCP has no scruples about doing evil; the CCP has used its huge state violence machine to create a series of horrific and horrible events, such as the Cultural Revolution, the June Fourth Massacre 1989, and the live organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners...... These are all objective facts, and even if the international community does not recognize the CCP regime, it still exists. But this does not mean that Western countries such as Europe and the United States recognize the legitimacy of the bloody and violent methods used by the CCP to seize power, let alone the legitimacy of the brutal killings of the Chinese people after the CCP seized power.

Because of this, diplomatic recognition of a regime and the legitimacy of that regime are absolutely two different things. The recognition of a regime involves only a fact of existence, and there are two decisive factors in the legitimacy of a regime: first, the legitimacy of the means or methods used to gain power; second, the satisfaction of serving the people after gaining power. Even if those countries that have established diplomatic relations with the CCP regime put in black and white on their diplomatic documents that the People's Republic of China is the only legitimate government representing China ...... this is only a subjective attitude, and subjective attitudes can be changed, while the fact that the CCP violently gained power and brutalized the Chinese people after gaining power, such a heinous crime, objectively exists, no one can change!

The diplomatic recognition of the Chinese Communist regime by Western countries is, to put it nicely, based on practical interests such as economic and commercial considerations, and definitely, it is not recognition of the criminal facts and robber baron logic of the Chinese Communist Party. This is like a triad member attending a legitimate restaurant; the restaurant owner will never refuse to serve the customer just because the customer is a triad member, as long as the customer pays for his meal. There is no difference between the Chinese Communist Party and the triads. The triads only need to abide by the rules of civilized society in their dealings with people in civilized society, such as buying a ticket on a public bus, paying for a meal, etc., which is purely a mutually beneficial transaction, but this does not mean that people in civilized society approve of the triads' illegal behavior. Diplomatic recognition of the Chinese Communist regime is, to put it badly, out of desperation, because whether the West recognizes it or not, the Chinese Communist regime is an objective, evil existence!

As for the diplomatic recognition of the CCP regime by countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, it is the result of the CCP's big money spreading and has nothing to do with the legitimacy of the regime. In other words, such recognition is entirely bought out by the CCP at its expense. This has been the case from Mao's time until Xi Jinping's time, and Xi's madness in money-spreading even exceeds Mao's. Leaders of Asian, African, and Latin American countries come to China for one purpose: to ask for money; Chinese leaders go to Asian, African, and Latin American countries for one purpose: to send money. This is like a prostitute and her patron, the prostitute never cares who her patron is, as long as her patron pays. The patron of a prostitute pays to satisfy his sexual desire, and the CCP pays to get diplomatic recognition and votes in the United Nations. Therefore, the diplomatic recognition of the CCP regime by Asian, African, and Latin American countries is essentially a dirty deal, just like the deal between a prostitute and her patron.

In short, the recognition of the Chinese Communist regime by the Western democracies led by the United States is essentially an act of dancing with the wolf. The wolf cannot therefore say that it is dancing with man, it is a man. When a wolf dances with a man, the wolf has to walk the same dance steps as a man, not a man walking the same steps as a wolf. The United States recognized the Chinese Communist regime and brought the CCP to the international stage because it wanted the CCP to abide by international norms, not because it wanted the international community to abide by the CCP's rules. It has been proven that the CCP never abides by the rules. The CCP was originally born as a bandit and believed only in bandit logic. The CCP believes that no matter what it is, as long as it is grabbed by the CCP the CCP can possess it, even though robbery itself is a criminal act. The history of the Chinese Communist regime's dealings with the United States-led Western countries vividly reflects the essence of Western society's dance with wolves, which fully demonstrates the CCP's bandit philosophy and bandit logic. After the Chinese Communist country joined the WTO, its rogue bandit nature was exposed: refusing to honor its commitments for more than a decade, willfully breaking WTO rules, stealing intellectual property rights by all means, and carrying out aggressive warrior-wolf diplomacy......

The second argument to defend the legitimacy of the CCP regime is that the CCP's rule has been accepted and approved by the majority of the Chinese people and that popularity and public opinion are the most important sources of the regime's legitimacy. This is actually a sophistry to justify the legitimacy of the CCP's rule, which is even more untenable. To say that the Chinese people accept and agree with the CCP's rule is tantamount to saying that the Chinese people are willing to be killed, ravaged, enslaved, oppressed, and fooled by the CCP and that the Chinese people are all masochists. Please ask anyone in China: are the bones of the Chinese people so cheap?!  Successive rulers over the past 2,200 years have certainly not treated the Chinese people well, but no dynasty has ever been as heartlessly sadistic as the CCP regime! The legitimacy of the CCP's rule has already been stated in detail, so I will not repeat it here. I will only emphasize one objective fact: since the day the CCP was founded, the CCP state has only had the will of the leaders, the will of the officials, and never the will of the people. Just imagine it, how can there be true public opinion in a country where even freedom of speech does not exist? The CCP holds a gun in one hand, a loudspeaker in the other, and hundreds of millions of cameras above the people's heads. Under such circumstances, can the people express their true will and say no? In addition to accepting and agreeing with the CCP, they have to raise their voices against their will and sing: Without the CCP, there would be no new China. This is not public opinion at all; it is naked rape of public opinion! This is the real source of the people's will and public opinion, as the CCP's writers put it, so it is nonsense to say that the Chinese people accept and agree with the CCP's rule!

In addition, it should be especially noted that the CCP has been an underground triad organization without any legal registration since the day it was founded, and is itself illegal. The most ironic thing is that this illegal organization was not created by the Chinese themselves but was organized under the auspices of the Soviet Union, and it was a puppet of the Soviet Union from the very beginning of the CCP. In 1931, the first bandit regime established by the CCP in the Republic of China was called the "Chinese Soviet Republic", and the CCP had already started to openly split the motherland since then! Even when the CCP violently overthrew the legitimate government of the Republic of China, it did so with the help of the Soviet Union. It was not the CCP's ability to seize power but the Soviet Union's ability to do so. Without the Soviet Union, the CCP would never have made it this far. History has clearly witnessed that the Chinese Communist regime was established with the strong support of foreign forces, and it is precisely because the CCP made its fortune with the help of foreign forces that it has been particularly sensitive to foreign forces since it seized power until today, and it has always mentioned how foreign forces should behave to do harm to China. However, it just doesn't mention that it started with the aid of foreign forces, just because it fears that domestic opposing forces, driven by foreign forces, will overthrow the Communist regime as they did when they overthrew the National Government (the Republic of China). Now, we should understand why the CCP is so nervous about foreign forces!

To sum up, no matter how the Chinese Communist regime is judged, there is not a shred of legitimacy to be found: the CCP is an illegal triad organization and by far the largest and most brutal terrorist organization in the world. After gaining power through the violent overthrow of the legitimate government of the Republic of China with the help of foreign forces, it brutally murdered, oppressed, and fooled the Chinese people. It committed a series of heinous crimes against humanity, and it was an utterly evil regime. Wherever there is a Communist Party, the people suffer badly! Given this, it is not only just, legal, and honorable for the Chinese people to rise up against the Communist Party, but also a true act of justice for God. Only by overthrowing the CCP, the most evil and horrible regime in human history, can the Chinese people regain their minimum dignity as human beings, and the world hereby can eliminate one of the biggest scourges since the birth of human civilization!

 

 



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作者:太山 留言时间:2022-10-01 13:26:15

中国人民才能找回做人的起码尊严

===========

您要“找回做人的起码尊严”,到中国去“找”阿!?即便要出国找(争取),去中南美洲找,去独联体,印度找阿? 去东欧,东南西北非洲找阿?

跑一个人类世界唯一超级军事,经济,金融,货币强国来“找尊严”,然后,以此裁判“别国”, 不感觉可笑吗?

知道美国那种[尊严] 的实现和维持代价有多高吗? 稍微计算过一下吗?

美国几十万一美元烂债, 照样能生活的优哉由哉,如今世界有几个国家有这能力? 美国年军费开支多高? 美国没有银子了,对全世界一声“美国优先” 就能解决问题.谁有这本事?

这就是丛林世界的“尊严”!,懂波?

回复 | 0
作者:太山 留言时间:2022-10-01 12:58:11

请问作者, 您反丛林法则吗?

回复 | 0
作者:太山 留言时间:2022-10-01 12:55:42

丛林世界, 法律绝非[正义]的象征, 力量才是 "正义" 的裁判者.

换言之, 如果一种力量无法征服另一种力量, 那么, 二者之间, 就别谈 [正义] 二字.

引理: 丛林世界,没有与 特定经济,军事力量 [脱钩] 的,无特定标准的 [尊严], 即便有,也是有人在贩卖 [空头尊严] !

本质上,[空头尊严] 与 [空头支票] 一样, 对社会,对世界是破坏性的.

回复 | 0
作者:太山 留言时间:2022-10-01 12:45:30

只要丛林法则没在人间彻底消失, 人类世界不存在具备可比性的法律. 只存在可比性的力量! 除非谁想用自己的标准独裁.

回复 | 0
作者:太山 留言时间:2022-09-30 22:30:40

世界也消除了一个自人类文明诞生以来最大的祸害!

==================

什么人类文明?

债务危机? 次贷危机? 金融风暴? 泡沫危机? 疯狂军备竞赛? 肉弱强食的战争和战争威胁? 生态危机,环境危机,社会治安危机,毒品合法化,...疯狂透支消耗和财富占有? 除了危机不危机,啥都危机的人类世界?

怎么着,这大概就是您笔下的“现代文明”吧?

回复 | 0
作者:太山 留言时间:2022-09-30 22:24:54

给你个常识: 只要丛林法则没在人间彻底消失, 人类世界不存在具备可比性的法律. 除非谁想用自己的标准独裁.

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作者:太山 留言时间:2022-09-30 22:10:42

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