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大外宣重点是转移关注病毒重点譬如中亚 2020-08-05 12:07:54

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In the past several weeks China has reacted to COVID-related events in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan with out-of-character zeal. In both cases China’s embassies in the respective countries jumped at the opportunity to comment on local events related to the pandemic rather than keep to their historically low profile. In Uzbekistan Beijing rebutted the claim that China is the source of the novel coronavirus. Earlier, China had sowed panic that a new, deadlier virus had emerged in Kazakhstan. 

On July 17, in a YouTube video clip, a 58-year-old man in white garb appeared, holding a staff in his hand, claiming to be the only chosen “prophet” for God’s mission to save humanity from COVID-19 if allowed to reach the source of the infection in China. The State Committee of Religious Affairs of Uzbekistan reacted immediately, appealing to the local population to not believe the man. According to the local police, the man is undergoing a psychiatric evaluation for a brain injury endured during his military service in Afghanistan in the early 1980s.


据《外交家》杂志报道,中共急于对乌兹别克斯坦和哈萨克斯坦国内的疫情发表引导性评论,借以转移对中共病毒来源真相的追究。在过去的几周里,中共驻乌兹别克斯坦和哈萨克斯坦大使馆一反往常的低调态度,对当地国内部与疫情相关的事件做出了异乎寻常反应。在乌兹别克斯坦,反驳病毒来自中共的说法。在哈萨克斯坦,宣称出现了一种新的、更致命的病毒,制造恐慌。

事情从7月17日在YouTube的一段视频开始:一名乌兹别克斯坦男子自称是上帝唯一选中的“先知”,如果让他去中共国的病毒发源地,他可以拯救人类免受中共病毒的侵害。乌兹别克斯坦国家宗教事务委员会立即对此做出了回应,呼吁不要相信该男子。当地警方也发表声明说,该男子上世纪80年代初在阿富汗服兵役期间脑部曾受伤,目前正在接受精神鉴定。

对于这段明显荒唐可笑的视频,中共大使馆对病毒源自中共国的说法做出了激烈的回应,甚至认为有必要发表声明,否认中共国是“中共病毒的母国”,声称中共国只是首先报告中共病毒的国家。此外还表示,中共病毒在世界其他地区的出现要早于在中共国的首次爆发。

在哈萨克斯坦,中共驻努尔苏丹大使馆在7月9日指责该国肺炎病例飙升,而在官方统计中却未被计入中共病例。中共大使馆警告哈萨克斯坦公民说,“新型肺炎”比中共病毒更加致命。哈萨克斯坦卫生部随即对大使馆的这一说法进行了辟谣。

中共大使馆在未得到证实的情况下,对哈萨克国内的疫情发表评论,制造恐慌,这引起了哈国问题专家们的注意。他们呼吁不要因中共大使馆毫无根据的警告,而在世界各地发布误导性的消息。

北京在2020年6月发表的白皮书《抗击新冠肺炎疫情的中国行动》中称,某些政客正在推动一场运动,旨在借疫情的爆发诬蔑中共、编造病毒源于中共国的理论,而中共国其实是受害者。为了推广这一理论,中共官员和国营媒体一直试图转移中共病毒大流行的责任,竭力否认武汉是病毒的发源地。

在乌兹别克斯坦和哈萨克斯坦的近期事件中,中共大使馆抢先对两国内部疫情发表评论,借机为自己辩白。在乌兹别克斯坦,中共重申其咄咄逼人的路线,以转移对中共病毒来源的讨论。在哈萨克斯坦,又试图通过传播恐慌,分散人们对中共是病毒来源的注意力。

中共大使馆所发表的声明实际上是赤裸裸的威胁:声称北京将改变了其在中亚的外交路线。从一贯低调的、避免评论伙伴国国内事务的外交政策,转变为一种咄咄逼人的姿态。通过对当地国内部事务发表评论,推进北京的言论。中共不会放过任何将对手卷入言论战的机会。


原文链接:https://thediplomat.com/2020/08/china-changes-diplomatic-styles-in-central-asia-over-covid-19/


Despite the clear, obvious conclusion that the most absurd part of the video is the man’s claim to prophethood, the Chinese Embassy reacted strongest to the suggestion that the novel coronavirus originated in China. The embassy deemed it necessary to issue a statement that China is not the “motherland of the coronavirus,” but merely the first country to report it. The statement continued that “scientific research” indicated that the coronavirus appeared in other parts of the world much earlier than the first outbreak in China.

Chinese officials and state media have been trying to deflect blame surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic, pushing back against language that notes Wuhan, China as the origin of the virus. 

The recent Uzbekistan incident indicates that China will take any opportunity, large or small, to stress its perspective. The embassy’s behavior follows the stance taken in Beijing’s white paper “Fighting COVID-19: China in Action,” published in June 2020, which states that the country is a victim of a campaign, furthered by certain politicians, to stigmatize China over the outbreak of COVID-19 and “cook up theories that China is where the virus originated.” 

In furthering its line, Beijing continues to jump into domestic discussions in Central Asia.

In Kazakhstan, on July 9 the Chinese Embassy in Nur-Sultan scrambled to comment on the developing COVID-19 situation. As pneumonia cases not attributed to COVID-19 in official statistics soared, China issued a warning to its citizens to take necessary precautions in Kazakhstan in response to the spread of a new pneumonia, “deadlier than COVID-19.” Later, the Ministry of Health of Kazakhstan debunked the statement.

There has, indeed, been a sudden jump in pneumonia cases in Kazakhstan compared to the same period last year; those statistics were being accounted separately from COVID-19 cases despite the reasonable conclusion that a bulk of that jump is likely COVID-19. Whether those statistics should be merged under a single COVID-19 category is still being debated by the country’s health officials. Earlier in July Kazakh officials had decided to merge them, as Kyrgyzstan has done, as of August 1, but walked that decision back. Nevertheless, the Chinese Embassy jumped into the opportunity to comment without confirming its suspicions, even with its Kazakh colleagues. The news led to discussions among Chinese experts calling to contain the new form of the virus and misleading headlines around the world based on the embassy’s unfounded alert.

From the outset, Beijing has sought to cast doubt on the theory that the virus originated in China. In both incidents in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, China acted as an opportunist and jumped in to comment on domestic COVID-19 related developments. In Uzbekistan, Beijing used an opportunity to reiterate its aggressive line deflecting talk about the origins of the virus in China. In Kazakhstan, Beijing’s purpose was to divert attention from China as the infection originator and sow panic.

By issuing these statements, Beijing has altered its typical diplomatic course in Central Asia. China is shifting from a low profile, characterized by avoiding commenting on domestic affairs in partner countries, to an aggressive posture that injects Chinese commentary into local developments to further Beijing’s talking points. No arena is too small for the war of narratives Beijing has delved into.


AUTHORS

Umida Hashimova

CONTRIBUTING AUTHOR

Umida Hashimova

Umida Hashimova works as an analyst at the Center for Naval Analyses (CNA), where she concentrates on U.S. national security issues. Umida is a scholar on Central Asia’s current affairs and regularly publishes on the topic.


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https://twitter.com/MgOqkzLBRPLCHyN/status/1290206279529459713


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作者:Pascal 留言时间:2020-08-05 12:53:52

http://www.xilu.com/20200805/1000010001139996_8.html

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作者:巴山老狼 留言时间:2020-08-05 12:30:24

巴山老狼强烈谴责《万维》网网管支持、包庇、纵容流氓畜生“苦难与荣耀”漫骂老狼的滔天罪行!为什么这个流氓漫骂老狼不受任何处罚?

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