Trump vs Biden昨日竞选辩论的5个看点 （By Ryan Foley，2020-10-23）
【U.S. President Donald Trump and Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden participate in the final presidential debate at Belmont University on October 22, 2020, in Nashville, Tennessee; moderated by NBC News’ Kristen Welker.】
（1）Trump brings up Hunter Biden’s ‘laptop from hell;’ Biden denies any wrongdoing
Welker asked both candidates what they would do to “end election interference from foreign countries.” Trump used his response to draw attention to reports of foreign entanglements surrounding Biden and his family.
“Joe got $3.5 million from Russia,” Trump said. “It came through Putin because he was very friendly with the former mayor of Moscow.”
Trump referenced the “horrible e-mails” that the New York Post began publishing last week showing Biden’s son Hunter’s correspondence with foreign business contacts and a news conference from one of his former business partners raising allegations of influence peddling. Tony Bobulinski corroborated the authenticity of the e-mails featured in the Post articles and dismissed claims that the former vice president had no knowledge of his son’s business practices.
“I have not taken a penny from any foreign source ever in my life,” Biden maintained. When the former vice president accused Trump of shady overseas business dealings, the president responded forcefully: “I don’t make money from China, you do. I don’t make money from Ukraine, you do.”
“The kind of things that you’ve done and the kind of moneys that your family has taken, I mean, your brother made money in Iraq, millions of dollars. Your other brother made a fortune and it’s all through you, Joe. And they say you get some of it,” Trump added.
Welker asked Biden if he thought any aspect of his son’s work in China and for the Ukrainian energy company Burisma while he was vice president was “inappropriate or unethical.” In his response, Biden denied any wrongdoing on his son’s behalf.
Trump continued to press the issue of Hunter Biden’s overseas business dealings: “His son didn’t have a job for a long time, was sadly no longer in the military service … As soon as he became vice president, Burisma … not the best reputation in the world, I hear they paid him $183,000 a month. … They gave him a $3 million upfront payment … and he had no energy experience. … That’s 100% dishonest.”
Later, when Biden declared that “the character of the country is on the ballot,” Trump brought up the topic again: “If this stuff is true about Russia, Ukraine, China, other countries, Iraq, if this is true, then he’s a corrupt politician. So don’t give me this stuff about how you’re this innocent baby.”
Trump referred to the laptop containing all the Hunter Biden e-mails as “the laptop from hell” while Biden cited 50 former national intelligence officials who claimed the accusations of wrongdoing by the Bidens is part of a “Russian plant.”
“The laptop is Russia, Russia, Russia? You have to be kidding,” Trump responded. Biden had previously described the president’s attorney, Rudy Giuliani, as a “Russian pawn” for taking an active role in promoting the story about the e-mails on the laptop.
（2）Biden:‘Not one single person on private insurance would lose their insurance under my plan’
Welker asked both candidates what they would do if the Supreme Court overturned the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare. Trump assured the American people that he would come up with “better healthcare, always protecting people with pre-existing conditions.”
The president warned about the consequences of the implementation of Biden’s plan. “We have 180 million people that have great private healthcare,” he said. “Joe Biden is going to terminate all of those policies. These are people that love their healthcare, people that have been successful: middle income people.”
“Under what he wants to do, which will basically be socialized medicine, he won’t even have a choice, they want to terminate 180 million plans,” Trump warned.
Biden pointed out that Trump has not yet come up with a plan and has not explained how he would cover people with pre-existing conditions.
Biden touted his healthcare plan, which he referred to as “Biden-care.”
“What I’m going to do is pass Obamacare with a public option,” he promised. “A public option is an option that says that if … you qualify for Medicaid and you do not have the wherewithal in your state to get Medicaid, you’re automatically enrolled, providing competition for insurance companies.”
Biden also vowed to “reduce the premiums and reduce drug prices by making sure that there’s competition that doesn’t exist now by allowing the Medicare to negotiate drug prices with the insurance companies.” The former vice president also pushed back on the idea that he wanted to eliminate private insurance: “The reason why I had such a fight … with 20 candidates for the nomination was I support private insurance.”
“Not one single person on private insurance would lose their insurance under my plan nor did they under Obamacare. They did not lose their insurance unless they chose they wanted to go to something else,” he added.
As The Daily Wire pointed out, PolitiFact labeled the claim that no one lost their insurance under Obamacare as “the lie of the year.” At the time, the fact-checking website wrote, “This fall, cancellation letters were going out to approximately 4 million Americans, the public realized Obama’s breezy assurances were wrong.”
Biden dismissed the idea that his support for a public option signifies support for socialized medicine as “ridiculous.” But Trump maintained, “He wants socialized medicine. And it’s not that he wants it, his vice president … she is more liberal than Bernie Sanders and wants it even more.”
“Bernie Sanders wants it. The Democrats want it. You’re going to have socialized medicine,” he predicted.
（3）Biden calls Trump’s family separations ‘criminal;’ Trump stresses that Obama-Biden ‘built cages’
The two candidates sparred on the issue of immigration, with each presidential hopeful attacking his opponent’s immigration policies.
Welker began the segment by asking Trump what he would do to locate the parents of 500 illegal immigrant children who were separated from their parents at the U.S.-Mexico border and have been unable to locate them. Trump used his platform to attack the Obama-Biden administration’s immigration policies.
“They built cages,” Trump said. “You know, they used to say I built the cages and then they had a picture in a certain newspaper and it was a picture of these horrible cages. And they said ‘look at these cages, President Trump built them.’”
“And then it was determined they were built in 2014. That was him.”
An Associated Press fact check backs up Trump’s claims: “At the height of the controversy over Trump’s zero-tolerance policy at the border, photos that circulated online of children in the enclosures generated great anger. But those photos—by the Associated Press—were taken in 2014 and depicted some of the thousands of unaccompanied children held by President Barack Obama.”
“Prominent Democrats have continued to cite cages for children as a distinctive cruelty of Trump,” the fact check noted.
（4）Trump: ‘I am the least racist person in this room’
During a discussion on race in America, Trump defended himself from allegations of racism and slammed Biden for using the term “super predators” and supporting the controversial 1994 crime bill which Trump and other detractors argue “put tens of thousands of black men, mostly, in jail.”
Trump accused Biden of doing “such harm to the black community” by supporting the 1994 legislation before defending his own record on behalf of the black community during his first term as president. He cited “criminal justice reform, prison reform (and) opportunity zones” as well as his “tremendous investment” in historically black colleges and universities as evidence that “nobody has done more for the black community than Donald Trump … with the exception of Abraham Lincoln.”
Later, Welker asked Trump to respond to the accusation that sharing a video of a man chanting “white power” on social media and saying that “black professional athletes exercising their First Amendment rights should be fired” is “contributing to a climate of hate and racial strife.” Trump denied the notion that he was a racist.
“I am the least racist person in this room,” he claimed. Welker repeated her question: “What do you say to Americans who are concerned by that rhetoric?”
“I don’t know what to say. I got criminal justice reform done,” he replied. After restating his accomplishments on behalf of the black community, Trump commented that “it makes me sad” to hear accusations of racism because “I am the least racist person, I can’t even see the audience because it’s so dark but I don’t care who’s in the audience, I’m the least racist person in this room.”
（5）Biden promises to ‘transition from the oil industry’
The two candidates sparred on the issue of climate change, with Trump alleging that Biden’s plan to address environmental concerns would “kill the economy.”
Trump encouraged Welker to ask Biden for his position on fracking. “I have never said I opposed fracking,” Biden stressed.
“You said it on tape,” Trump responded. Biden replied by urging his opponent to “show the tape” and “put it on your website” in addition to accusing him of lying.
As The Daily Wire noted, Biden answered in the affirmative when asked by a New Hampshire woman in January 2020 if he was interested in “stopping fracking.” At a March 2020 Democratic primary debate with Bernie Sanders, Biden promised that there would be “no more, no new fracking” in his administration.
At a previous debate in July 2019, Biden responded with a “no” when asked by CNN’s Dana Bash whether or not there would be “any place for fossil fuels, including coal and fracking, in a Biden administration.”
Welker asked Biden “would you rule out banning fracking?” The former vice president said that he would rule out banning fracking but stressed that “we need other industries to transition to get to ultimately a complete zero emissions by 2025.”
“What I will do with fracking over time is make sure that we can capture the emissions from the fracking, capture the emissions from the gas,” he added.
Later, Trump pressed Welker to ask Biden “would he close down the oil industry?” In response, Biden said that he would “transition from the oil industry.”
Biden explained after the debate that he would not “ban” fossil fuels for “a long time,” according to AP.