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读《夏商新考》 2019-12-09 10:57:55

读《夏商新考》

夏商周的断代问题,史学界投入了大量资源,却一直得不到令人信服的结果。韩剑秋先生作《夏商新考》,用定量分析和多重证据方法,推算出不同于史学界流行的结果。我不懂考古学,但是觉得韩剑秋的分析方法很有意思,和大家分享一下。

东周之前,年代的记载不很清楚,东周之后,年代的记载很清楚。韩剑秋以东周到清朝的帝王数量为数据,利用回归分析的方法,推算出夏商的年代 。其结果和目前史学界流行的不一样,但和其它证据相符。

回归分析方法,本身非常简单,但是韩剑秋创造性地运用到考古研究中,得到非常清晰的结果。有兴趣的朋友,可以读一下他的《夏商新考》。
https://www.academia.edu/32193718/夏商新考










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Observe and serve 2019-12-03 23:21:23

Observe and serve 

Most like to observe
Few like to serve 
Most want to be observant 
Few want to be a servant 

Yet, only when we serve 
We will carefully  observe
Only when we serve
We will perceptively observe

When we start to serve 
Serve ourselves and others
We strive to observe 
Observe ourselves and others 

To be a great observer 
We can’t be a mere spectator
To be a great observer 
We have to be a genuine server























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East wind: Perspectives from the west and the east 2019-12-02 17:53:27

East wind: Perspectives from the west and the east

China is at the east coast of the Eurasian continent. East wind from the ocean is warm and moist. Britain, as well as the whole Europe, is at the west coast of the continent. East wind from the inland is cold and dry. The feeling toward east wind can be very different for people at different places. Here is what Sherlock Holmes said about east wind at the end of the story, His Last Bow, The War Service of Sherlock Holmes.

There's an east wind coming all the same, such a wind as never blew on England yet. It will be cold and bitter ... and a good many of us may wither before its blast. But it's God's own wind none the less, and a cleaner, better, stronger land will lie in the sunshine when the storm has cleared.

By east wind,  here Sherlock Holmes meant not China, but Germany, which lies at the east of Britain.

Historically, Britain, at the west edge of the continent, has been repeatedly invaded from the east. From the Romans, Anglo-Saxons, to Norman conquest. In other words, British themselves are mostly from the east. East wind always blows on England.



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Sorrow 2019-11-30 08:58:32

Sorrow 

If you taste sorrow 
You had better swallow 
Will turn into a sparrow 
Fly to a bright tomorrow 






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Drift 2019-11-29 09:54:06

Drift

I am too tired 
Too tired to swim up stream
I turn back to drift 
Drift down the stream

Drifting is relaxed
Drifting is effortless 
Yet I move so fast
Faster than ever

No more struggle against the trend 
No more struggle to stay in place
I just drift with the flow
Drift with the trend 

I drift from place to place 
I travel from place to place 
Taking great pictures 
Of birds, buildings and bodies 

No more toiling in the field 
No more sweating in the factory 
No more bleeding in the trench
No more tackling the hard problems 

We drift away from the reality 
We drift into the fantasy 
We create virtual reality 
To block out actual reality 

Drifting downward 
We call it progress 
Decline, decadent and decaying 
We call it flourishing 

Drifting with dead wood 
Drifting with debris 
Drifting into ocean
Drifting into history










































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Elizabeth Barrett Browning: Her poems and her son 2019-11-28 22:09:01

Elizabeth Barrett Browning: Her poems and her son


Elizabeth Barrett Browning was a famous poet. The following is her most famous poem, How do I love thee.


How do I love thee? Let me count the ways.
I love thee to the depth and breadth and height
My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight
For the ends of Being and ideal Grace.
I love thee to the level of everyday's
Most quiet need, by sun and candlelight.
I love thee freely, as men strive for Right;
I love thee purely, as they turn from Praise.
I love thee with the passion put to use
In my old griefs, and with my childhood's faith.
I love thee with a love I seemed to lose
With my lost saints,—I love thee with the breath,
Smiles, tears, of all my life!—and, if God choose,
I shall but love thee better after death.


How good are her poems? Well, you can judge for yourself.  How come she became so famous? She was from a rich family. She advocated the correct political causes. She also had a famous love story. I really don’t know.


She married pretty late and only had one son in her forties. As the only son from a famous family, her son was well protected, perhaps too well protected. A visitor once described this boy,


I never saw such a boy as this before; so slender, fragile, and spirit-like, – not as if he were actually in ill health, but as if he had little or nothing to do with human flesh and blood. His face is very pretty and most intelligent, and exceedingly like his mother's. He is nine years old, and seems at once less childlike and less manly than would befit that age. I should not quite like to be the father of such a boy, and should fear to stake so much interest and affection on him as he cannot fail to inspire. I wonder what is to become of him, – whether he will ever grow to be a man, – whether it is desirable that he should. His parents ought to turn their whole attention to making him robust and earthly, and to giving him a thicker scabbard to sheathe his spirit in.


In those days, only the kids from rich families got spoiled. Today, most kids in rich countries get spoiled. 






















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What is knowledge? What is father? What is have? 2019-11-25 01:34:49

What is knowledge? What is father? What is have?

In Chinese, knowledge is 知,which means talking about arrow. So the most important knowledge is about weapons and military. Historically, most technology breakthroughs and improvements are initiated from military applications.

In Chinese, father is 父, which originally means 斧,or axe. Someone who uses an axe is a very skilled man, who is usually the father in a family. Axe is often used as a weapon. Father is the one who fights for the family.

In Chinese, have is 有,which means holding a piece of meat. If you have meat, you are a have. You are a rich man.  If you don’t have meat, you are a have not. You are a poor man.









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How to make revolutionary ideas publishable 2019-11-25 01:20:02

How to make revolutionary ideas publishable


The peer review system is good for conventional research where all people agree on the foundation of the theory and differ only in minor details. However, peer review system is not conducive for new fundamental ideas. The papers of Planck or Einstein are unlikely to get published under today's peer review system. 


Many people agree that today's mainstream economic theory is built on a wrong foundation. We publish a new journal to offer an outlet for new ideas. However, new ideas might come from very different perspectives from our own perspectives, although we all agree that mainstream economic theory is wrong. So the editorial processes often become very torturous.


To make a journal more friendly to revolutionary ideas, we need to follow the editorial environment of the time when revolutionary ideas were publishable.  In the time of Planck and Einstein, there was little peer review. An editor either accept or reject the papers. 


If it is impossible to abolish the peer review system in a journal, we can greatly simplify it. For example, we can classify a paper as acceptance, minor revision, or rejection. I suggest to remove the category of major revision. A major revision is often a requirement to rewrite the paper according to the reviewer's perspective, destroying the authors' original ideas in the process.


We can also change the acceptance criteria from the consent of two reviewers to the acceptance of either reviewer. It is very unlikely that both reviewers will agree on a new revolutionary idea.


We might concern that the simplification of editorial process will reduce the quality of the papers. This should be our last concern. The quality of papers in top tier economic journals, which go through extremely rigorous peer review processes, is extremely low. This is precisely because a potentially ruthless editorial process extinguishes any willingness to engage in intellectual adventure. When we challenge the mainstream ideas, we already put our career in jeopardy. This means we take our intellectual pursuit seriously. Anyway, a reviewer can always reject a paper he feels inadequate.













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对错和是非 2019-11-24 08:33:47

对错和是非


和我对得上
就是对的


和我错开了
就是错的


和我一样
就是对的


和我不同
就是错的


不同的人
就是匪徒


不同的话
就是诽谤


























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Illusion and disillusion 2019-11-23 09:10:49

Illusion and disillusion

If we seek truth 
We will reject illusion 
We will celebrate 
The achievement of disillusion

Yet we need illusion 
To decorate our plain life 
We need illusion 
To hide the ugly truth 
We need illusion 
To keep us happy and high 

When reality trashes illusion 
When reality smashes illusion 
We become depressed
And disillusioned

We desperately seek new illusion 
We vigorously reject truth
In the hope to avoid
Being dis-illusioned 
























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