文刀吾未 陌上美国 今天
从本届政府成立之初，特朗普总统就把我们与中国和President Xi（文中用“PreXi”代替）的关系放在首位。 去年4月6日，特朗普总统欢迎他访问Mar-A-Lago。 去年11月8日，特朗普总统前往北京，中国领导人热情欢迎他。
苏联解体后，我们曾认为a f r e e中国是大势所趋。 带着正面积极的期望，在21世纪之交，美国同意向北京开放我们的经济，并将中国带入世界贸易组织(WTO)。
以前的政府做出了这样的选择，希望中国的freedom能够以各种形式扩大 - 不仅在经济上，而且在政治上，对古典自由主义原则、私有财产、宗教自由和整个h u m a n r i g h t s（用“人泉”代替）大家庭都有新的尊重......但是，希望没有实现。
F r e e的梦想对中国人来说仍然遥不可及。 虽然北京仍然口头上说“改革开放”，但邓小平的著名政策现在却是空洞的。
在过去17年中，中国的国内生产总值增长了9倍；它已成为世界第二大经济体。 这种成功大部分是由美国在中国的投资所推动的。 而中国“cc档”也使用了一系列与自由和公平贸易不相符的政策，包括关税、配额、货币操纵、强制技术转让、知识产权盗窃以及像发糖一样的工业补贴，仅举几个例。这些政策建立了北京的制造业基地，牺牲了竞争对手——尤其是美国。
正与我们所希望的相反，北京也没有为人民争取更大的“人泉”。有一段时间，北京倾向于更大的f r e e和对“人泉”的尊重，但近年来，它已经朝着control和压迫的方向急转直下。
今天，中国建立了一个无与伦比的监视国家，并且它越来越广泛和侵入——通常是在美国技术的帮助下。 “中国防火长城”也越来越高，严重限制了中国人民的信息自由流通。到2020年，中国统治者的目标是实施一个奥威尔式系统，其前提是控制人类生活的几乎所有方面 - 即所谓的“社会信用评分”。用该计划的官方蓝图来说，它将“让值得信赖的人在任何地方漫游在天堂之下，虽然让声名狼借的人难以迈出一步。”
幸运的是，美国人并不买账。美国农民与这位总统站在一起，并看到他所采取的强势立场的真实结果，包括本周的美国 - 墨西哥 - 加拿大协议（点击前文），我们已经大幅开放北美市场的美国产品——这是对美国农民和制造业的伟大胜利。
北京经常要求好莱坞以严格的正面方式描绘中国，并惩罚不这样做的工作室和制片人。北京的审查机构可以迅速编辑或取缔批评中国的电影，即使是在很小的方面。 “第二次世界大战”不得不削减剧本提到的源自中国的病毒。 “红色黎明”进行了数字编辑，使恶棍成为朝鲜人，而不是中国人。
Remarks delivered by President Mike Pence on the administration’s policy towards China at Hudson Institute on October 4, 2018:
Thank you, Ken, for that kind introduction. To the Members of the Board
of Trustees, to Dr. Michael Pillsbury, to our distinguished guests, and
to all of you who, true to your mission, “think about the future in
unconventional ways” – it’s an honor to be back at the Hudson Institute.
For more than half a century, this Institute has dedicated itself to
“advancing global security, prosperity, and freedom.” And while Hudson’s
hometowns have changed over the years, one thing has held constant: You
have always advanced that vital truth, that American leadership lights
And today, I bring greetings from a champion of American leadership, at
home and abroad – the 45th President of the United States of America,
President Donald Trump.
From early in this administration, President Trump has made our
relationship with China and President Xi a priority. On April 6th of
last year, President Trump welcomed President Xi to Mar-A-Lago. On
November 8th of last year, President Trump traveled to Beijing, where
China’s leader welcomed him warmly.
Over the course of the past 2 years, our President has forged a strong
personal relationship with the president of the People’s Republic of
China, and they’ve worked closely on issues of common interest, most
importantly the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula…
But I come before you today because the American people deserve to know…
as we speak, Beijing is employing a whole-of-government approach, using
political, economic, and military tools, as well as propaganda, to
advance its influence and benefit its interests in the United States.
China is also applying this power in more proactive ways than ever
before, to exert influence and interfere in the domestic policy and
politics of our country.
Under our administration, we’ve taken decisive action to respond to
China with American leadership, applying the principles, and the
policies, long advocated in these halls.
In the “National Security Strategy” that President Trump released last
December, he described a new era of “great power competition.” Foreign
nations have begun to “reassert their influence regionally and
globally,” and they are “contesting [America’s] geopolitical advantages
and trying to change the international order in their favor.”
In this strategy, President Trump made clear that the United States of
America has adopted a new approach to China. We seek a relationship
grounded in fairness, reciprocity, and respect for sovereignty, and we
have taken strong and swift action to achieve that goal.
As the President said last year on his visit to China, “we have an
opportunity to strengthen the relationship between our two countries and
improve the lives of our citizens.” Our vision of the future is built
on the best parts of our past, when America and China reached out to one
another in a spirit of openness and friendship…
When our young nation went searching in the wake of the Revolutionary
War for new markets for our exports, the Chinese people welcomed
Americans traders laden with ginseng and fur…
When China suffered through indignities and exploitation during her
so-called “Century of Humiliation,” America refused to join in, and
advocated the “Open Door” policy, so that we could have freer trade with
China, and preserve their sovereignty…
When American missionaries brought the good news to China’s shores, they
were moved by the rich culture of an ancient but vibrant people, and
not only did they spread faith; they also founded some of China’s first
and finest universities…
When the Second World War arose, we stood together as allies in the
fight against imperialism… And in that war’s aftermath, America ensured
that China became a Charter member of the United Nations, and a great
shaper of the post-war world.
But soon after it took power in 1949, the Chinese Communist Party began
to pursue authoritarian expansionism. Only five years after our nations
had fought together, we fought each other, on the mountains and in the
valleys of the Korean Peninsula. My own father saw combat on those
frontlines of freedom.
Not even the brutal Korean War could diminish our mutual desire to
restore the ties that for so long bound us together. China’s
estrangement from the United States ended in 1972, and soon after, we
re-established diplomatic relations, began to open our economies to one
another, and American universities began training a new generation of
Chinese engineers, business leaders, scholars, and officials.
After the fall of the Soviet Union, we assumed that a free China was
inevitable. Heady with optimism, at the turn of the 21st Century,
America agreed to give Beijing open access to our economy, and bring
China into the World Trade Organization.
Previous administrations made this choice in the hope that freedom in
China would expand in all forms – not just economically, but
politically, with a newfound respect for classical liberal principles,
private property, religious freedom, and the entire family of human
rights… but that hope has gone unfulfilled.
The dream of freedom remains distant for the Chinese people. And while
Beijing still pays lip service to “reform and opening,” Deng Xiaoping’s
famous policy now rings hollow.
Over the past 17 years, China’s GDP has grown 9-fold; it has become the
second-largest economy in the world. Much of this success was driven by
American investment in China. And the Chinese Communist Party has also
used an arsenal of policies inconsistent with free and fair trade,
including tariffs, quotas, currency manipulation, forced technology
transfer, intellectual property theft, and industrial subsidies doled
out like candy, to name a few. These policies have built Beijing’s
manufacturing base, at the expense of its competitors – especially
China’s actions have contributed to a trade deficit with the United
States that last year ran to $375 billion – nearly half of our global
trade deficit. As President Trump said just this week, “we rebuilt
China” over the last 25 years.
Now, through the “Made in China 2025” plan, the Communist Party has set
its sights on controlling 90% of the world’s most advanced industries,
including robotics, biotechnology, and artificial intelligence. To win
the commanding heights of the 21st Century economy, Beijing has directed
its bureaucrats and businesses to obtain American intellectual property
– the foundation of our economic leadership – by any means necessary.
Beijing now requires many American businesses to hand over their trade
secrets as the cost of doing business in China. It also coordinates and
sponsors the acquisition of American firms to gain ownership of their
creations. Worst of all, Chinese security agencies have masterminded the
wholesale theft of American technology – including cutting-edge
And using that stolen technology, the Chinese Communist Party is turning plowshares into swords on a massive scale…
China now spends as much on its military as the rest of Asia combined,
and Beijing has prioritized capabilities to erode America’s military
advantages – on land, at sea, in the air, and in space. China wants
nothing less than to push the United States of America from the Western
Pacific and attempt to prevent us from coming to the aid of our allies.
Beijing is also using its power like never before. Chinese ships
routinely patrol around the Senkaku Islands, which are administered by
Japan. And while China’s leader stood in the Rose Garden of the White
House in 2015 and said that his country had “no intention to militarize
the South China Sea,” today, Beijing has deployed advanced anti-ship and
anti-air missiles atop an archipelago of military bases constructed on
China’s aggression was on display this week, when a Chinese naval vessel
came within 45 yards of the USS Decatur as it conducted
freedom-of-navigation operations in the South China Sea, forcing our
ship to quickly maneuver to avoid collision. Despite such reckless
harassment, the United States Navy will continue to fly, sail and
operate wherever international law allows and our national interests
demand. We will not be intimidated; we will not stand down.
America had hoped that economic liberalization would bring China into
greater partnership with us and with the world. Instead, China has
chosen economic aggression, which has in turn emboldened its growing
Nor, as we hoped, has Beijing moved toward greater freedom for its
people. For a time, Beijing inched toward greater liberty and respect
for human rights, but in recent years, it has taken a sharp U-turn
toward control and oppression.
Today, China has built an unparalleled surveillance state, and it’s
growing more expansive and intrusive – often with the help of U.S.
technology. The “Great Firewall of China” likewise grows higher,
drastically restricting the free flow of information to the Chinese
people. And by 2020, China’s rulers aim to implement an Orwellian system
premised on controlling virtually every facet of human life – the
so-called “social credit score.” In the words of that program’s official
blueprint, it will “allow the trustworthy to roam everywhere under
heaven, while making it hard for the discredited to take a single step.”
And when it comes to religious freedom, a new wave of persecution is
crashing down on Chinese Christians, Buddhists, and Muslims…
Last month, Beijing shut down one of China’s largest underground
churches. Across the country, authorities are tearing down crosses,
burning bibles, and imprisoning believers. And Beijing has now reached a
deal with the Vatican that gives the avowedly atheist Communist Party a
direct role in appointing Catholic bishops. For China’s Christians,
these are desperate times.
Beijing is also cracking down on Buddhism. Over the past decade, more
than 150 Tibetan Buddhist monks have lit themselves on fire to protest
China’s repression of their beliefs and culture. And in Xinjiang, the
Communist Party has imprisoned as many as one million Muslim Uyghurs in
government camps where they endure around-the-clock brainwashing.
Survivors of the camps have described their experiences as a deliberate
attempt by Beijing to strangle Uyghur culture and stamp out the Muslim
But as history attests, a country that oppresses its own people rarely
stops there. Beijing also aims to extend its reach across the wider
world. As Hudson’s own Dr. Michael Pillsbury has said, “China has
opposed the actions and goals of the U.S. government. Indeed, China is
building its own relationships with America’s allies and enemies that
contradict any peaceful or productive intentions of Beijing.”
China uses so-called “debt diplomacy” to expand its influence.Today,
that country is offering hundreds of billions of dollars in
infrastructure loans to governments from Asia to Africa to Europe to
even Latin America. Yet the terms of those loans are opaque at best, and
the benefits flow overwhelmingly to Beijing.
Just ask Sri Lanka, which took on massive debt to let Chinese state
companies build a port with questionable commercial value. Two years
ago, that country could no longer afford its payments – so Beijing
pressured Sri Lanka to deliver the new port directly into Chinese hands.
It may soon become a forward military base for China’s growing
Within our own hemisphere, Beijing has extended a lifeline to the
corrupt and incompetent Maduro regime in Venezuela, pledging $5 billion
in questionable loans that can be repaid with oil. China is also that
country’s single largest creditor, saddling the Venezuelan people with
more than $50 billion in debt. Beijing is also corrupting some nations’
politics by providing direct support to parties and candidates who
promise to accommodate China’s strategic objectives…
And since last year, the Chinese Communist Party has convinced 3 Latin
American nations to sever ties with Taipeiand recognize Beijing. These
actions threaten the stability of the Taiwan Strait – and the United
States of America condemns these actions. And while our administration
will continue to respect our One China Policy, as reflected in the three
joint communiques and the Taiwan Relations Act, America will always
believe Taiwan’s embrace of democracy shows a better path for all the
These are only a few of the ways that China has sought to advance its
strategic interests across the world, with growing intensity and
sophistication. Yet previous administrations all but ignored China’s
actions – and in many cases, they abetted them. But those days are over.
Under President Trump’s leadership, the United States of America has
been defending our interests with renewed American strength…
We’ve been making the strongest military in the history of the world
stronger still. Earlier this year, the President signed into law the
largest increase in our national defense since the days of Ronald Reagan
– $716 billion to extend our military dominance in every domain.
We’re modernizing our nuclear arsenal, we’re fielding and developing new
cutting-edge fighters and bombers, we’re building a new generation of
aircraft carriers and warships, and we’re investing as never before in
our Armed Forces. This includes initiating the process to establish the
United States Space Force to ensure our continued dominance in space,
and authorizing increased capability in the cyber world to build
deterrence against our adversaries.
And at President Trump’s direction, we’re also implementing tariffs on
$250 billion in Chinese goods, with the highest tariffs specifically
targeting the advanced industries that Beijing is trying to capture and
control. And the President has also made clear that we’ll levy even more
tariffs, with the possibility of substantially more than doubling that
number, unless a fair and reciprocal deal is made.
Our actions have had a major impact. China’s largest stock exchange fell
by 25% in the first 9 months of this year, in large part because our
administration has stood up to Beijing’s trade practices.
As President Trump has made clear, we don’t want China’s markets to
suffer. In fact, we want them to thrive. But the United States wants
Beijing to pursue trade policies that are free, fair, and reciprocal.
Sadly, China’s rulers have refused to take that path – so far. The
American people deserve to know that, in response to the strong stand
that President Trump has taken, Beijing is pursuing a comprehensive and
coordinated campaign to undermine support for the President, our agenda,
and our nation’s most cherished ideals.
I want to tell you today what we know about China’s actions – some of
which we’ve gleaned from intelligence assessments, some of which are
publicly available. But all of which is fact.
As I said before, Beijing is employing a whole-of-government approach to
advance its influence and benefit its interests. It’s employing this
power in more proactive and coercive ways to interfere in the domestic
policies and politics of the United States.
The Chinese Communist Party is rewarding or coercing American
businesses, movie studios, universities, think tanks, scholars,
journalists, and local, state, and federal officials.
Worst of all, China has initiated an unprecedented effort to influence
American public opinion, the 2018 elections, and the environment leading
into the 2020 presidential elections…
To put it bluntly, President Trump’s leadership is working; and China wants a different American President.
China is meddling in America’s democracy. As President Trump said just
last week, we have “found that China has been attempting to interfere in
our upcoming 2018 [midterm] election[s].”
Our intelligence community says that “China is targeting U.S. state and
local governments and officials to exploit any divisions between federal
and local levels on policy. It’s using wedge issues, like trade
tariffs, to advance Beijing’s political influence.”
In June, Beijing circulated a sensitive document, entitled “Propaganda
and Censorship Notice,” that laid out its strategy. It states that China
must “strike accurately and carefully, splitting apart different
domestic groups” in the United States.
To that end, Beijing has mobilized covert actors, front groups, and
propaganda outlets to shift Americans’ perception of Chinese policies.
As a senior career member of our intelligence community recently told
me, what the Russians are doing pales in comparison to what China is
doing across this country.
Senior Chinese officials have also tried to influence business leaders
to condemn our trade actions, leveraging their desire to maintain their
operations in China. In one recent example, they threatened to deny a
business license for a major U.S. corporation if it refused to speak out
against our administration’s policies.
And when it comes to influencing the midterms, you need only look at
Beijing’s tariffs in response to ours. They specifically targeted
industries and states that would play an important role in the 2018
election. By one estimate, more than 80% of U.S. counties targeted by
China voted for President Trump in 2016; now China wants to turn these
voters against our administration.
And China is also directly appealing to the American voter. Last week,
the Chinese government paid to have a multipage supplement inserted into
the Des Moines Register – the paper of record in the home state of our
Ambassador to China, and a pivotal state in 2018. The supplement,
designed to look like news articles, cast our trade policies as reckless
and harmful to Iowans.
Fortunately, Americans aren’t buying it. For example: American farmers
are standing with this President and are seeing real results from the
strong stands that he’s taken, including this week’s U.S.-Mexico-Canada
Agreement, where we’ve substantially opened North American markets to
U.S. products – a great win for American farmers and manufacturers.
But China’s actions aren’t focused solely on influencing our policies
and politics. Beijing is also taking steps to exploit its economic
leverage, and the allure of China’s large domestic market, to advance
its influence over American corporations.
Beijing now requires American joint ventures that operate in China to
establish “party organizations” within their company, giving the
Communist Party a voice – and perhaps a veto – in hiring and investment
Chinese authorities have also threatened U.S. companies that depict
Taiwan as a distinct geographic entity, or that stray from Chinese
policy on Tibet. Beijing compelled Delta Airlines to publicly apologize
for not calling Taiwan a “province of China” on its website. It also
pressured Marriott to fire a U.S. employee who liked a tweet about
Beijing routinely demands that Hollywood portray China in a strictly
positive light, and it punishes studios and producers that don’t.
Beijing’s censors are quick to edit or outlaw movies that criticize
China, even in minor ways. “World War Z” had to cut the script’s mention
of a virus originating in China. “Red Dawn” was digitally edited to
make the villains North Korean, not Chinese.
Beyond business, the Chinese Communist Party is spending billions of
dollars on propaganda outlets in the United States, as well as other
China Radio International now broadcasts Beijing-friendly programming on
over 30 U.S. outlets, many in major American cities. The China Global
Television Network reaches more than 75 million Americans – and it gets
its marching orders directly from its Communist Party masters. As
China’s top leader put it during a visit to the network’s headquarters,
“The media run by the Party and the government are propaganda fronts and
must have the Party as their surname.”
That’s why, last month, the Department of Justice ordered that network to register as a foreign agent.
The Communist Party has also threatened and detained the Chinese family
members of American journalists who pry too deep. And it has blocked the
websites of U.S. media organizations and made it harder for our
journalists to get visas. This happened after the New York Times
published investigative reports about the wealth of some of China’s
But the media isn’t the only place where the Chinese Communist Party
seeks to foster a culture of censorship. The same is true of academia.
Look no further than the Chinese Students and Scholars Associations, of
which there are more than 150 branches across American campuses. These
groups help organize social events for some of the more than 430,000
Chinese nationals studying in the United States; they also alert Chinese
consulates and embassies when Chinese students, and American schools,
stray from the Communist Party line.
At the University of Maryland, a Chinese student recently spoke at her
graduation ceremony of what she called the “fresh air of free speech” in
America. The Communist Party’s official newspaper swiftly chastised
her, she became the victim of a firestorm of criticism on China’s
tightly-controlled social media,and her family back home was harassed.
As for the university itself, its exchange program with China – one of
the nation’s most extensive – suddenly turned from a flood to a trickle.
China exerts academic pressure in other ways, too. Beijing provides
generous funding to universities, think tanks, and scholars, with the
understanding that they will avoid ideas that the Communist Party finds
dangerous or offensive. China experts in particular know that their
visas will be delayed or denied if their research contradicts Beijing’s
And even scholars and groups who avoid Chinese funding are targeted by
that country, as the Hudson Institute found out firsthand. After you
offered to host a speaker Beijing didn’t like, your website suffered a
major cyber-attack, originating from Shanghai. You know better than most
that the Chinese Communist Party is trying to undermine academic
freedom and the freedom of speech in America today.
These and other actions, taken as a whole, constitute an intensifying
effort to shift American public opinion and public policy away from the
America First leadership of President Donald Trump. But our message to
China’s rulers is this: This President will not back down – and the
American people will not be swayed. We will continue to stand strong for
our security and our economy, even as we hope for improved relations
Our administration will continue to act decisively to protect American interests, American jobs, and American security.
As we rebuild our military, we will continue to assert American interests across the Indo-Pacific.
As we respond to China’s trade practices, we will continue to demand an
economic relationship with China that is free and fair and reciprocal,
demanding that Beijing break down its trade barriers, fulfill its trade
obligations, and fully open its economy, just as we have opened ours.
We will continue to take action until Beijing ends the theft of American
intellectual property, and stops the predatory practice of forced
And to advance our vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific, we’re
building new and stronger bonds with nations that share our values,
across the region – from India to Samoa. Our relationships will flow
from a spirit of respect, built on partnership, not domination.
We’re forging new trade deals, on a bilateral basis, just as last week,
President Trump signed an improved trade deal with South Korea, and we
will soon begin negotiating a historic bilateral free-trade deal with
And we’re streamlining international development and finance programs,
giving foreign nations a just and transparent alternative to China’s
debt-trap diplomacy. To that end, President Trump will sign the BUILD
Act into law in the days ahead.
And next month, it will be my privilege to represent the United States
in Singapore and Papua New Guinea, at ASEAN and APEC. There, we will
unveil new measures and programs to support a free and open Indo-Pacific
– and on behalf of the President, I will deliver the message that
America’s commitment to the Indo-Pacific has never been stronger.
To protect our interests here at home, we’ve strengthened CFIUS – the
Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States – heightening our
scrutiny of Chinese investment in America, to protect our national
security from Beijing’s predatory actions.
And when it comes to Beijing’s malign influence and interference in
American politics and policy, we will continue to expose it, no matter
the form it takes. And we will work with leaders at every level of
society to defend our national interests and most cherished ideals. The
American people will play the decisive role – and in fact, they already
As we gather here, a new consensus is rising across America…
More business leaders are thinking beyond the next quarter, and thinking
twice before diving into the Chinese market if it means turning over
their intellectual property or abetting Beijing’s oppression. But more
must follow suit. For example, Google should immediately end development
of the “Dragonfly” app that will strengthen Communist Party censorship
and compromise the privacy of Chinese customers…
More journalists are reporting the truth without fear or favor, and
digging deep to find where China is interfering in our society, and why –
and we hope that more American, and global, news organizations will
join in this effort.
More scholars are speaking out forcefully and defending academic
freedom, and more universities and think tanks are mustering the courage
to turn away Beijing’s easy money, recognizing that every dollar comes
with a corresponding demand. We’re confident that more will join their
And across the nation, the American people are growing in vigilance,
with a newfound appreciation for our administration’s actions to re-set
America’s economic and strategic relationship with China, to finally put
And under President Trump’s leadership, America will stay the course.
China should know that the American people and their elected
representatives in both parties are resolved.
As our National Security Strategy states: “Competition does not always
mean hostility.” As President Trump has made clear, we want a
constructive relationship with Beijing, where our prosperity and
security grow together, not apart. While Beijing has been moving further
away from this vision, China’s rulers can still change course, and
return to the spirit of “reform and opening” and greater freedom. The
American people want nothing more; the Chinese people deserve nothing
The great Chinese story-teller Lu Xun often lamented that his country
“has either looked down at foreigners as brutes, or up to them as
saints, but never as equals.” Today, America is reaching out our hand to
China; we hope that Beijing will soon reach back – with deeds, not
words, and with renewed respect for America. But we will not relent
until our relationship with China is grounded in fairness, reciprocity,
and respect for sovereignty.
There is an ancient Chinese proverb that tells us that “men see only the
present, but heaven sees the future.” As we go forward, let us pursue a
future of peace and prosperity with resolve and faith…
Faith in President Trump’s leadership, and the relationship that he has forged with China’s president…
Faith in the enduring friendship between the American people and the Chinese people…
Faith that heaven sees the future – and by God’s grace, America and China will meet that future together.
Thank you. God bless you. And God bless the United States of America.